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TO SEE OR NOT TO SEE: The Need for Attention to Perceive Changes in Scenes
When looking at a scene, observers feel that they see its entire structure in great detail and can immediately notice any changes in it. However, when brief blank fields are placed betweenExpand
Competition for consciousness among visual events: the psychophysics of reentrant visual processes.
Advances in neuroscience implicate reentrant signaling as the predominant form of communication between brain areas. This principle was used in a series of masking experiments that defy explanationExpand
The Dynamic Representation of Scenes
One of the more powerful impressions created by vision is that of a coherent, richly detailed world where everything is present simultaneously. Indeed, this impression is so compelling that we tendExpand
Seeing, sensing, and scrutinizing
This argument centers around the proposal that focused attention is needed for the explicit perception of change, and it is proposed that perception involves a virtual representation, where object representations do not accumulate, but are formed as needed. Expand
Visual Search for Change: A Probe into the Nature of Attentional Processing
A set of visual search experiments tested the proposal that focused attention is needed to detect change. Displays were arrays of rectangles, with the target being the item that continually changedExpand
Change detection.
Five aspects of visual change detection are reviewed; it is shown that under a variety of conditions observers are often unable to see large changes directly in their field of view, and it is argued that this "change blindness" indicates that focused attention is needed to detect change. Expand
Change blindness: past, present, and future
The legitimate and the erroneous inferences that have been drawn from change blindness research are discussed, and a set of requirements to help separate them are offered. Expand
Visual Sensing Without Seeing
The studies reported here show that the subjective difference between sensing and seeing is mirrored in several behavioral differences, suggesting that these are two distinct modes of conscious visual perception. Expand
Influence of scene-based properties on visual search.
This work has shown that visual search also has access to another level of representation, one that describes properties in the corresponding three-dimensional scene that are three dimensionality and the direction of lighting, but not viewing direction. Expand
Early completion of occluded objects
It is shown that early vision can use monocular cues to rapidly complete partially-occluded objects and that it is only the completed structures--and not the fragments themselves--that serve as the basis for rapid recognition. Expand