Ronald A . Pieringer

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Primary cultures of cells dissociated from embryonic mouse brain were demonstrated to be a useful system for studying cell proliferation and its regulation. Ornithine decarboxylase activity was closely correlated with the rate of DNA and RNA synthesis during cell growth, suggesting that the enzyme is as good an indicator of cell proliferation in these(More)
Cultures of cells dissociated from embryonic mouse brain were used to assess the period in which thyroid hormone exerts its maximum influence on the regulation of the expression of two myelin associated metabolites, sulfolipids and 2',3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphohydrolase (CNP-ase). Cultures were grown for a specified number of days on a medium(More)
The alkyl glycerol ether rac-1-O-dodecylglycerol inhibited the growth of members of two genera of yeasts, Candida and Cryptococcus, and was strongly synergistic with amphotericin B. At one-half its MIC, dodecylglycerol decreased the MIC of amphotericin B by as much as 80-fold. This high degree of synergism between dodecylglycerol and amphotericin B was(More)
Streptococcus mutans BHT and FA-1, when grown to log phase on chemically defined medium containing [14C]glycerol, excreted 15% of the total biosynthesized 14C-lipid into the medium. When grown to early stationary phase, 28 to 33% of the 14C-lipid was found in the medium. The radioactive lipids of these varieties of S. mutans were identified as(More)
The developmental pattern of the myelin-associated 5'-nucleotidase and its regulation by L-3,3',5,-triiodothyronine (T3) have been demonstrated in a culture system of cells dissociated from embryonic mouse brain. Hypothyroid calf serum containing low levels of T3 (31 ng/100 ml), and thyroxine, T4 (less than 1 microgram/ml), was used in the culture medium in(More)
Cultures highly enriched in neurons obtained from embryonic mouse cerebra were used to demonstrate that: (1) at the optimum concentration of 10(-8) M retinoic acid stimulated the neurons to produce axon- and dendrite-like structures as determined by phase contrast and fluorescent microscopy; (2) the same concentration of retinoic acid stimulated acetyl(More)
Treatment of Streptococcus faecium ATCC 9790 with 3.5 micrograms/ml of dodecylglycerol produces a nonwall entity found in the 25,000 X g supernatant cell fraction which activates the autolysin activity of S. faecium. The stimulation of the autolysin activity by dodecylglycerol mimics the activation of the autolysin from a latent to an active form by trypsin(More)
Cultures of Streptococcus mutans BHT grown for at least eight generations in a chemically defined medium containing [1(3)-14C]glycerol, when treated with growth-inhibitory concentrations (0.2 micrograms/ml) of benzylpenicillin (Pen G), produced and excreted increased amounts of lipid and lipoteichoic acid per unit of cells. Cellular lysis was not observed.(More)
The recently discovered phosphoglycolipid, phosphatidylkojibiosyl diglyceride (PKD), was first observed as a biosynthetic by-product of glucosyl diglyceride metabolism inStreptococcus faecalis (faecium) ATCC 9790. Its structure is 1,2-diacyl-3-O(2′-O-α-D-glucopyranosyl-6′-O-phosphoryl-[1″,2″-diacyl-3″-O-sn-glycerol]-α-D-glucopyranosyl)-sn-glycerol. The(More)