Ronald A. Meyer

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Phosphocreatine (PCr) content was measured by phosphorus nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in the gastrocnemius muscles of pentobarbital-anesthetized rats during and after twitch stimulation at rates up to 0.75 Hz. The monoexponential time constant for PCr changes was similar at the onset of vs. during recovery after stimulation and was not(More)
The diffusive mobility of solutes chemically connected by reversible reactions in cells is analyzed as a problem of facilitated diffusion. By this term we mean that the diffusive flux of any substance, X, which is in one metabolic pathway, is effectively increased when it participates in a second and equilibrium reaction with another substance Y because the(More)
Creatine (Cr) supplementation has become a common practice among professional, elite, collegiate, amateur, and recreational athletes with the expectation of enhancing exercise performance. Research indicates that Cr supplementation can increase muscle phosphocreatine (PCr) content, but not in all individuals. A high dose of 20 g x d(-1) that is common to(More)
Exercise selectively increases the signal intensities (SI) of active muscles in T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images. If these SI increases are graded with exercise intensity, the identification of muscle recruitment patterns may be possible using MR imaging. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of force generation during exercise on(More)
The purposes of this study were, first, to clarify the long-term pattern of T2 relaxation times and muscle volume changes in human skeletal muscle after intense eccentric exercise and, second, to determine whether the T2 response exhibits an adaptation to repeated bouts. Six young adult men performed two bouts of eccentric biceps curls (5 sets of 10 at 110%(More)
Phosphorus nuclear magnetic resonance spectra and steady-state O2 consumption rates were obtained from ex vivo arterially perfused cat biceps brachii (fast twitch) and soleus (slow twitch) muscles during and after periods of isometric twitch stimulation at 30 degrees C. In the biceps muscles, steady-state O2 consumption increased and phosphocreatine (PCr)(More)
The influence of muscle oxidative capacity on phosphocreatine (PCr) changes during and after stimulation was examined in the superficial (fast-twitch) section of rat gastrocnemius muscles. Muscle mitochondrial enzymes were increased in one group of rats by 8-10 wk of training on a running wheel (to a final regimen of 50 min/day at 38 m/min, 5 days/wk) and(More)
This study examined the effect of unilateral lower limb suspension (ULLS) on neuromuscular function in humans. Eight subjects (31 +/- 4 years old) performed all ambulatory activity on crutches for 6 weeks while wearing a shoe with a 10-cm sole on the right foot to unweight the left lower limb. Knee extensor (KE) torque during eccentric, concentric, and(More)
STUDY DESIGN Muscle use evoked by exercise was determined by quantifying shifts in signal relaxation times of T2-weighted magnetic resonance images. Images were collected at rest and after exercise at each of two intensities (moderate and intense) for each of four head movements: 1) extension, 2) flexion, 3) rotation, and 4) lateral flexion. OBJECTIVE(More)
This study examined the relationships between muscle fiber type, metabolism, and blood flow vs. the increase in skeletal muscle (1)H-NMR transverse relaxation time (T2) after stimulation. Triceps surae muscles of anesthetized rats were stimulated in situ at 1-10 Hz for 6 min, and T2 was calculated from (1)H-NMR images acquired at 4.7 T immediately after(More)