Ronald A. Cooper

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BACKGROUND Direct brain biopsy is rarely indicated during acute stroke. This study uses peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) to determine whether a systemic gene expression profile could be demonstrated in patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS AND RESULTS Using oligonucleotide microarrays, we compared the gene expression profile of an index(More)
PURPOSE To determine the accuracy and complications of vacuum-assisted core breast biopsy performed with ultrasonographic (US) guidance. MATERIALS AND METHODS US-guided, vacuum-assisted breast biopsy with an 11-gauge device was performed in 71 lesions in 67 consecutive women (age range, 23-82 years; mean age, 52.9 years). Vacuum-assisted core biopsy(More)
Growth of Klebsiella pneumoniae M5a1 on 3-hydroxybenzoate leads to the induction of 3-hydroxybenzoate monooxygenase, 2,5-dihydroxybenzoate dioxygenase, maleylpyruvate isomerase and fumarylpyruvate hydrolase. Growth in the presence of 2,5-dihydroxybenzoate also induces all of these enzymes including the 3-hydroxybenzoate monooxygenase which is not required(More)
There is increasing evidence supporting the use of preoperative chemoradiotherapy in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer in an attempt to facilitate complete surgical resection with clear margins. We describe our experience of using a 5-day per week regime of preoperative capecitabine chemoradiotherapy. Between November 2004 and September 2006, 70(More)
PURPOSE A retrospective study was made of the role of apoptosis in determining radiotherapy outcome in 39 adenocarcinoma of the cervix. A comparison was also made of the detection of apoptosis by morphology and the TdT dUtp nick end-labeling (TUNEL) assay. METHODS AND MATERIALS The level of apoptosis was assessed in paraffin-embedded sections by cell(More)
We describe the in vitro isolation and expansion of cells capable of forming neurosphere-like aggregates from human adult bone marrow. Cells within these passaged spheroids can differentiate into astrocytes, specific neuronal subtypes, and oligodendrocytes and have gene expression profiles similar to human fetal brain-derived neural stem cells. Genetically(More)
The influxes of Na(+) and K(+) into the human red cell appear to be interrelated. This relationship was investigated under conditions in which either Na(+) or K(+) concentration outside the cell was varied or one cation was replaced by Mg(2+), choline(+), or Li(+). The effects of furosemide on Na(+) and K(+) movements were studied in the presence of(More)
Cholesterol-rich membranes are the hallmark of "spur" red cells. Spur cells accumulate cholesterol from cholesterol-rich serum lipoproteins. Previous studies suggested that this added cholesterol is responsible for both the altered morphology and the destruction of spur cells. To examine this process in the absence of other serum factors,(More)
BACKGROUND Sentinel node biopsy (SNB) of internal mammary nodes (IMNs) in breast cancer is controversial. Most centers rarely identify IMN on lymphoscintigraphy but others report up to 45% of cases. Controversy relates to the technique of lymphatic mapping, safety of IMN SNB, the significance of positive IMN, and potential to impact survival. METHODS(More)