Ronadip R. Banerjee

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Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that leads to complications including heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, blindness and nerve damage. Type 2 diabetes, characterized by target-tissue resistance to insulin, is epidemic in industrialized societies and is strongly associated with obesity; however, the mechanism by which increased adiposity causes(More)
We have identified a family of resistin-like molecules (RELMs) in rodents and humans. Resistin is a hormone produced by fat cells. RELMalpha is a secreted protein that has a restricted tissue distribution with highest levels in adipose tissue. Another family member, RELMbeta, is a secreted protein expressed only in the gastrointestinal tract, particularly(More)
The association between obesity and diabetes supports an endocrine role for the adipocyte in maintaining glucose homeostasis. Here we report that mice lacking the adipocyte hormone resistin exhibit low blood glucose levels after fasting, due to reduced hepatic glucose production. This is partly mediated by activation of adenosine monophosphate-activated(More)
Resistin was originally reported as an adipose tissue-specific hormone that provided a link between obesity and diabetes. Resistin protein level was elevated in obese mice and decreased by insulin-sensitizing thiazolidinediones. Immunoneutralization of resistin improved insulin sensitivity in diet-induced obese mice, while the administration of exogenous(More)
Resistin is a peptide hormone secreted by adipocytes. Cysteine residues comprise 11 of 94 (12%) amino acids in resistin. The arrangement of these cysteines is unique to resistin and its recently discovered family of tissue-specific secreted proteins, which have been independently termed resistin-like molecules (RELMs) and the FIZZ (found in inflammatory(More)
Resistin is a peptide hormone secreted by adipocytes. Cysteine residues comprise eleven of 94 (12%) amino acids in resistin. The arrangement of these cysteines is unique to resistin and its recently discovered family of tissue-specific secreted proteins, which have been independently termed resistin-like molecules (RELMs) and the FIZZ (Found in Inflammatory(More)
The adipocytokine resistin impairs glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in rodents. Here, we examined the effect of resistin on glucose uptake in isolated adult mouse cardiomyocytes. Murine resistin reduced insulin-stimulated glucose uptake, establishing the heart as a resistin target tissue. Notably, human resistin also impaired insulin action in(More)
Obesity and diabetes have reached epidemic proportions worldwide. The antidiabetic thiazolidinedione (TZD) drugs are insulin-sensitizing agents now widely used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. TZDs are ligands for the nuclear hormone receptor peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ, which is a master regulator of adipogenesis and adipocyte(More)
Cushing's syndrome (CS) in the pediatric population is challenging to diagnose and treat. Although next-generation medical therapies are emerging for adults with CS, none are currently approved or used in children. Here we describe the first use of mifepristone, a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist, to treat CS in a pediatric subject. The patient, a(More)