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Most tubulin genes of the African trypanosome Trypanosoma rhodesiense are contained in 3.7-kb tandemly repeating units. One member of the 3.7-kb repeat family has been isolated from a T. rhodesiense genomic library, cloned, and sequenced. The 3646-bp fragment contains a complete alpha-tubulin gene and portions of two beta-tubulin genes. No introns are(More)
Parameters which distinguish phototaxis from random motility in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii have been defined with quantitative assays. The phototactic responses in photosynthetic, mixotrophic, and heterotrophic cultures were highest during exponential growth and declined rapidly as the cultures entered stationary phase. In contrast, random motility was(More)
On August 22-23, 2013, agencies within the United States Department of Defense (DoD) and the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) sponsored the Filovirus Medical Countermeasures (MCMs) Workshop as an extension of the activities of the Filovirus Animal Non-clinical Group (FANG). The FANG is a federally-recognized multi-Agency group established in(More)
Photoaccumulation and random motility of wild-type and mutant gametes and dikaryons ofChlamydomonas reinhardtii were evaluated with quantitative assays and compared with those of vegetative cells. Gametes exhibited behavior similar to that of vegetative cells. Dikaryons constructed from (+) and (−) wild-type gametes exhibited strong photoaccumulation in the(More)
The human pathogen Eikenella corrodens expresses type IV pili and exhibits a phase variation involving the irreversible transition from piliated to nonpiliated variants. On solid medium, piliated variants form small (S-phase), corroding colonies whereas nonpiliated variants form large (L-phase), noncorroding colonies. We are studying pilus structure and(More)
Three types of evidence are presented to show that the enzymes that hydroxylate nicotinic acid to 2,6-dihydroxynicotinic acid use water as a source of oxygen atoms. (18)O is incorporated into the products from H(2) (18)O. Molecular oxygen acts as a terminal electron acceptor, one-half molecule being consumed per molecule of hydroxyl groups incorporated. An(More)
When the filamentous, nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium Anabaena variabilis ATCC 29413 was subjected to nitrogen starvation under aerobic conditions, a complex series of events was initiated which resulted in heterocyst formation and derepression of the ability to fix dinitrogen. Using DNA-RNA hybridization techniques, we monitored the expression of several(More)
The human pathogen Eikenella corrodens synthesizes type IV pili and exhibits a phase variation involving the irreversible transition from piliated to nonpiliated variants. On solid medium, piliated variants form small (S-phase), corroding colonies whereas nonpiliated variants form large (L-phase), noncorroding colonies. We are studying the molecular basis(More)
The enzymes of a Bacillus species that hydroxylate nicotinic acid to 6-hydroxynicotinic acid and 6-hydroxynicotinic acid to 2,6-dihydroxynicotinic acid were purified and characterized. The purified enzymes contained approximately two molecules of flavine and eight molecules of iron per molecule of enzyme. The enzymes were large (molecular weight, 400,000 to(More)