Rona Campbell

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Interest in how qualitative health research might be used more widely to inform health policy and medical practice is growing. Synthesising findings from individual qualitative studies may be one method but application of conventional systematic review methodology to qualitative research presents significant philosophical and practical challenges. The aim(More)
The study aimed to synthesise qualitative studies of lay experiences of medicine taking. Most studies focused on the experience of those not taking their medicine as prescribed, with few considering those who reject their medicines or accept them uncritically. Most were concerned with medicines for chronic illnesses. The synthesis revealed widespread(More)
OBJECTIVES To demonstrate the benefits of applying meta ethnography to the synthesis of qualitative research, by means of a worked example. METHODS Four papers about lay meanings of medicines were arbitrarily chosen. Noblit and Hare's seven-step process for conducting a meta ethnography was employed: getting started; deciding what is relevant to the(More)
BACKGROUND Methods for reviewing and synthesising findings from quantitative research studies in health care are well established. Although there is recognition of the need for qualitative research to be brought into the evidence base, there is no consensus about how this should be done and the methods for synthesising qualitative research are at a(More)
BACKGROUND Schools in many countries undertake programmes for smoking prevention, but systematic reviews have shown mixed evidence of their effectiveness. Most peer-led approaches have been classroom-based, and rigorous assessments are scarce. We assessed the effectiveness of a peer-led intervention that aimed to prevent smoking uptake in secondary schools.(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To understand reasons for compliance and non-compliance with a home based exercise regimen by patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. DESIGN A qualitative study, nested within a randomised controlled trial, examining the effectiveness of physiotherapy in reducing pain and increasing mobility in knee osteoarthritis. In the intervention(More)
BACKGROUND Preventing adolescent substance use and youth violence are public health priorities. Positive youth development interventions are widely deployed often with the aim of preventing both. However, the theorised mechanisms by which PYD is intended to reduce substance use and violence are not clear and existing evaluated interventions are(More)
BACKGROUND The World Health Organization's (WHO's) Health Promoting Schools (HPS) framework is an holistic, settings-based approach to promoting health and educational attainment in school. The effectiveness of this approach has not been previously rigorously reviewed. OBJECTIVES To assess the effectiveness of the Health Promoting Schools (HPS) framework(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the health-care preferences of people with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). DESIGN Cross-sectional survey using a postal questionnaire comprising standardized measures of health related quality of life (SF-36) and of depression (BDI) and original questions about issues linked to health-care, prioritized by people with MS during an earlier(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effectiveness of a self help approach to smoking cessation in pregnancy. DESIGN Pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial with community midwife as the unit of randomisation. SETTING Three NHS hospital trusts in England. PARTICIPANTS 1527 women who smoked at the start of pregnancy. INTERVENTION A series of five self(More)