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In hypercholesterolemia, impaired nitric oxide activity has been associated with increased nitric oxide degradation by oxygen radicals. Deficiency of tetrahydrobiopterin, an essential cofactor of nitric oxide synthase, causes both impaired nitric oxide activity and increased oxygen radical formation. In this study we tested whether tetrahydrobiopterin(More)
Polymorphonuclear neutrophils generate both nitric oxide and superoxide and these molecules can combine to form peroxynitrite. Neutrophils also contain myeloperoxidase which reacts with peroxynitrous acid (HOONO). On mixing myeloperoxidase with HOONO compound II was formed. Compound I could not be detected as an intermediate. The apparent second-order rate(More)
Atherosclerosis and the Two Faces of Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase Print ISSN: 0009-7322. Online ISSN: 1524-4539 Copyright © 1998 American Heart Association, Inc. All rights reserved. is published by the American Heart Association, 7272 Greenville Avenue, Dallas, TX 75231 Circulation doi: 10.1161/01.CIR.97.1.108 1998;97:108-112 Circulation.(More)
BACKGROUND Impaired nitric oxide (NO) activity is an early event in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease, resulting from either reduced NO formation or increased NO degradation. Administration of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), an essential cofactor for NO production, could restore NO activity in familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). Because folates have(More)
We show here that the amino acid residues contributing to the active sites of the vanadate containing haloperoxidases are conserved within three families of acid phosphatases; this suggests that the active sites of these enzymes are very similar. This is confirmed by activity measurements showing that apochloroperoxidase exhibits phosphatase activity. These(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) produced by the endothelial isoform of nitric oxide synthase (NOS III) is a key determinant of the anti-atherosclerotic properties of the endothelium. Recent in vivo studies suggest that NOS III may also be a source of superoxide production, which would limit its role as a NO-producing enzyme. In the current study we examined both the NO(More)
Using fluorescence optical and electron spin resonance spectroscopy, we have investigated the production of superoxide by bovine endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS). In contrast to neuronal NOS, the heme moiety is identified as the exclusive source of superoxide production by endothelial NOS. Thus, calmodulin-mediated enzyme regulation affects(More)
The catalytic cycle of lignin peroxidase (LiP, ligninase) isozyme L3 from the white-rot fungus Phlebia radiata was investigated using stopped-flow techniques. Veratryl (3,4-dimethoxybenzyl) alcohol and a lignin model compound, non-phenolic beta-O-4 dimer 1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(2-methoxyphenoxy)propane-1,3-diol, were used as electron donors. This is the(More)
1. A rapid isolation procedure with a high yield for pure myeloperoxidase (donor:H2O2 oxidoreductase, EC from normal human leucocytes is described. The enzyme was solubilized from leucocytes with the detergent, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, and purified to apparent homogeneity. The yield of the enzyme was 17% with an absorbance ratio(More)
We tested four aromatic carbonylic compounds and their corresponding reduced derivatives, possible substrates, and products of a biotransformation for toxicity against the white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium. The bacterium Pseudomonas putida, which has been proven to be a good test organism for investigating toxic effects, was used as a primary(More)