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Based on our results during the last 25 years, we are developing late stroke computer-assisted motivating rehabilitation (CAMR) for the upper extremity. Evidence has been accumulating that functional gains are possible even many years after the damage. However, postacute rehabilitation must be motivating and related to real-life functional activities, or it(More)
20 patients with stroke more than one year earlier were evaluated, admitted to a novel therapy including constraint-induced and computer game-motivated therapy. Statistically significant improvements after 4 weeks of late therapy were seen in all 20 patients on nine out of eleven quantified clinical evaluation scales. The patients looked forward to and(More)
Stroke is the main cause of disabilities in the world and is typically treated with intensive, hands-on physical and occupational therapy for several weeks after the initial injury. However, due to economic pressures, stroke patients are receiving less therapy and going home sooner, so the potential benefit of the therapy is not completely realized. Thus,(More)
Stroke is the main cause of motor and cognitive disabilities requiring therapy in the world. Therefor it is important to develop rehabilitation technology that allows individuals who had suffered a stroke to practice intensive movement training without the expense of an always-present therapist. We have developed a low-cost vision-based system that allows(More)
We propose the use of hidden Markov models (HMMs) to qualify arm gestures. A HMM is trained based on the reference or correct gesture. Then, samples of the gesture that we want to score are used to train a second HMM. Both HMMs are compared, and a measure of their similarity is used to qualify the gesture. We used 3 different metrics to compare HMMs:(More)
Stroke-induced hemiparesis is a debilitating impairment that compromises ability to perform many activities of daily living (ADLs). Many new therapies for hemiparesis, although intriguing, require exceptional patient motivation and/or may be difficult to implement in some clinical situations. This brief report revisits a motivating, game-based(More)
An important goal for rehabilitation engineering is to develop technology that allows individuals with stroke to practice intensive movement training without the expense of an always-present therapist. We have developed a low-cost, computer vision system that allows individuals with stroke to practice arm movement exercises at home or at the clinic, with(More)
A time series from a human electroencephalogram (EEG) is used as a local perturbation to a reaction-diffusion model with spatiotemporal chaos. For certain finite ranges of amplitude and frequency it is observed that the strongly irregular perturbations can induce transient coherence in the chaotic system. This could be interpreted as "on-line" detection of(More)
This paper provides a retrospective of medical devices and electronics and in the future an electronic health record will play an important role in consolidating the information from various new and improved medical devices, providing readily available data for the benefit of all patients. ABSTRACT | Medical devices and medical electronics are areas that(More)