An important goal for rehabilitation engineering is to develop technology that allows individuals with stroke to practice intensive movement training without the expense of an always-present therapist. We have developed a low-cost, computer vision system that allows individuals with stroke to practice arm movement exercises at home or at the clinic, with… (More)
A time series from a human electroencephalogram (EEG) is used as a local perturbation to a reaction-diffusion model with spatiotemporal chaos. For certain finite ranges of amplitude and frequency it is observed that the strongly irregular perturbations can induce transient coherence in the chaotic system. This could be interpreted as "on-line" detection of… (More)
Stroke is the main cause of motor and cognitive disabilities requiring therapy in the world. Therefor it is important to develop rehabilitation technology that allows individuals who had suffered a stroke to practice intensive movement training without the expense of an always-present therapist. We have developed a low-cost vision-based system that allows… (More)
We propose the use of hidden Markov models (HMMs) to qualify arm gestures. A HMM is trained based on the reference or correct gesture. Then, samples of the gesture that we want to score are used to train a second HMM. Both HMMs are compared, and a measure of their similarity is used to qualify the gesture. We used 3 different metrics to compare HMMs:… (More)
This paper provides a retrospective of medical devices and electronics and in the future an electronic health record will play an important role in consolidating the information from various new and improved medical devices, providing readily available data for the benefit of all patients. ABSTRACT | Medical devices and medical electronics are areas that… (More)
Sleep science and respiratory engineering as medical subspecialties and research areas grew up side-by-side with biomedical engineering. The formation of EMBS in the 1950's and the discovery of REM sleep in the 1950's led to parallel development and interaction of sleep and biomedical engineering in diagnostics and therapeutics.
— Each year millions of people in the world survive a stroke. Movement impairments after stroke are typically treated with intensive, hands-on physical and occupational therapy for several weeks after the initial injury. However, due to economic pressures, stroke patients are receiving less therapy and going home sooner, so the potential benefit of the… (More)
Simulation for training purposes is not a new idea. When learning complex systems especially those that require movement and cognitive coordination not only are simulators cost effective but also more potent and more efficacious than solo practice. Well known examples are flight and space simulators and ground motor vehicle simulators. Our scientific… (More)