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Photosensitizers in photodynamic therapy allow for the transfer and translation of light energy into a type II chemical reaction. In clinical practice, photosensitizers arise from three families-porphyrins, chlorophylls, and dyes. All clinically successful photosensitizers have the ability to a greater or lesser degree, to target specific tissues or their(More)
PURPOSE Oligodendroglioma is a rare central nervous system tumor which may occur in pure or mixed histology. This scarcity results in difficulty in defining optimal management, mainly due to a lack of outcome analysis. Results are further complicated because the reported series include patients treated before megavoltage radiation or computed tomographic(More)
A myriad of naturally occurring and synthetic structures are capable of transferring the energy of light. Few, however, allow for this energy transfer to enable a type II photochemical reaction which, as currently practiced, is a fundamental component of photodynamic therapy. Even fewer of these agents, aptly termed photosensitizers, have found success in(More)
BACKGROUND Chest wall progression of breast carcinoma after failure of salvage surgery, radiation, and chemohormonal therapy is a quagmire with limited therapeutic options. Because photodynamic therapy (PDT) offers excellent results in cutaneous lesions, PDT may play a role in this indication. However, to the authors' knowledge, published data for this(More)
A majority of potential radioprotective synthetic compounds have demonstrated limited clinical application owing to their inherent toxicity, and thus, the seeking of naturally occurring herbal products, such as ginseng, for their radioprotective capability has become an attractive alternative. In general, ginseng refers to the roots of the species of the(More)
To verify the applicability of the micronucleus (MN) yield in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) as a quantitative biodosimeter for monitoring in vivo ionizing radiation damage, we applied the cytokinesis-blocked micronucleus assay in PBLs of cancer patients treated with partial-body radiotherapy. Dosimetric information on these 13 patients represented a(More)
Breast cancer is common with over 230,000 new cases diagnosed each year in North America alone. While great strides have been made to achieve excellent cancer control and survival, a significant minority of patients fail locally. While initial salvage to regain disease control is of the utmost importance, it is not universally successful. This leads to a(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a light based therapy used to ablate tumors. As practiced in oncology a photosensitizing agent is applied and then activated by a specific wavelength and energy of light. This light energy in the presence of oxygen will lead to the creation of the photodynamic reaction which is cyto and vasculo toxic. This paper will review the(More)
Mucositis is a common and often serious acute morbidity when radiation is delivered to portals encompassing the oral cavity, pharynx, or esophagus. In an effort to minimize this side effect, the combination of sucralfate and fluconazole was prescribed to 40 patients. Half were given sucralfate, 1 g in suspension q.i.d. from the first week to the completion(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the daily total error shift patterns on post-prostatectomy patients undergoing image guided radiotherapy (IGRT) with a diagnostic quality computer tomography (CT) on rails system. METHODS A total of 17 consecutive post-prostatectomy patients receiving adjuvant or salvage IMRT using CT-on-rails IGRT were analyzed. The prostate bed's(More)