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Nitric oxide (NO) gas is produced by various cells within the lower respiratory tract, including inflammatory and epithelial cells, and is detectable in the exhaled air of normal human subjects. We have measured exhaled NO in patients with asthma, since several cell types that are activated in asthma can produce NO after induction. NO was measured(More)
Cough is an important symptom of many respiratory disorders. We determined the frequency and diurnal variation of cough in normal subjects and in patients with asthma or with persistent cough of unknown cause. We used a portable, solid-state, multiple-channel recorder to record cough sounds over a 24 h period. The audio-signal was recorded from a(More)
The aim of this study is to investigate lung crackle characteristics by time-expanded waveform (TEW) analysis in patients with asbestosis (AS), asbestos-related pleural disease (ARPD) and left ventricular failure (LVF). TEW was performed on a 33 s recording from each of 40 patients (12 AS, 17 ARPD and 11 LVF). They were 38 men and two women. Crackles on TEW(More)
BACKGROUND The basic defect in cystic fibrosis centres on abnormal ion transport in affected tissues such as the respiratory tract. Heart-lung transplantation provides a limited supply of native lower airways from these patients. The feasibility of in vitro studies of bioelectric properties and ion fluxes in lower airways, obtained at heart-lung(More)
Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) demonstrate a markedly more negative potential difference (PD) across respiratory epithelia than normal or "diseased" controls. A technique is described for the measurement of nasal PD in both children and adults. 145 non-CF subjects showed a mean PD of -19.0 mV (range -2 to -36) in comparison to 60 patients with cystic(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a method to measure end expiratory nitric oxide concentration and to use it to determine whether there are sex related differences between healthy men and women. DESIGN Modification of commercially available chemiluminescent analyser to allow endogenous nitric oxide (endothelium derived relaxing factor) to be measured in a single slow(More)
Cross sectional echocardiograms were recorded within one week of death in seven patients with valvular heart disease, four with coronary artery disease, and nine with congenital heart disease. Regional echo amplitude was measured from the cross sectional display by constructing histograms of pixel intensity. Parietal pericardium was used as an internal(More)
Bronchiectasis is characterized by chronic inflammation in one or more bronchi, but the extent of inflammation is difficult to monitor. The concentration of nitric oxide (NO) in exhaled air is increased in asthmatic patients, possibly as a result of the chronic inflammatory process. We have measured exhaled NO in patients with documented bronchiectasis and(More)
BACKGROUND Exhaled breath volatile organic compound (VOC) analysis for airway disease monitoring is promising. However, contrary to nitric oxide the method for exhaled breath collection has not yet been standardized and the effects of expiratory flow and breath-hold have not been sufficiently studied. These manoeuvres may also reveal the origin of exhaled(More)
In order to assess the possible clinical value of measuring regional amplitude of ultrasound reflected from intracardiac structures, two-dimensional echocardiographic images from 20 normal subjects and 70 patients with heart disease were processed by modulation of both colour and intensity to represent grey scale. Maximum echo intensity was consistently(More)