Lysosomes constitute only 4% of the intracellular volume of a normal human fibroblast. When human fibroblasts are incubated for 2-5 min with 20 microM [35S]cystine in Krebs-Ringer phosphate solution at pH 7.4, a minimum of 50-60% of the total radioactivity taken up by the cells is found sequestered into the lysosomal compartment in the form of cysteine. A… (More)
BACKGROUND While much has been learned about the epidemiology and treatment of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the last 30 years, chronic kidney disease (CKD) before the end-stage has been less investigated. Not enough is known about factors associated with CKD progression and complications, as well as its transition to ESRD. We designed the CKD-renal… (More)
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Service's (CMS') end stage renal disease (ESRD) managed care demonstration offered an opportunity to assess patient selection among a chronically ill and inherently costly population. Patient selection refers to the phenomenon whereby those Medicare beneficiaries who choose to enroll or stay in health maintenance… (More)
Increasing the incubation temperature of cystinotic fibroblasts to 40 or 43 degrees C produces a 70-80% decrease in lysosomal cystine content within 24-48 h. This effect is probably mediated by an altered substrate affinity for another lysosomal transport protein.