Learn More
Condensed tannins extracted from European softwood bark are recognized as alternatives to synthetic phenolics. The extraction is generally performed in hot water, leading to simultaneous extraction of other bark constituents such as carbohydrates, phenolic monomers and salts. Characterization of the extract's composition and identification of the extracted(More)
Steam refining of non-debarked spruce forest residues was investigated as pretreatment for enzymatic hydrolysis as well as for biogas production. Pretreatment conditions were varied in the range of 190-220 °C, 5-10 min and 0-3.7% SO₂ according to a statistical design. For both applications highest product yields were predicted at 220 °C and 2.4% SO₂,(More)
Xylan from oat spelt and wheat was used as an additive to enhance the dry strength of paper. The absorption of xylan by the cellulose fibers was increased by cationization to different degrees of substitution. Paper hand sheets with different doses of xylan and industrial cationic starch were produced, and the mechanical properties were determined.(More)
Xylans were selectively removed from paper grade pulps by nitren extraction in order to produce dissolving pulps. The impact of nitren charge on the removal of hemicelluloses was demonstrated for a birch and mixed softwood kraft pulp. The 95% purity level could easily be reached for the birch kraft pulp. Softwood glucomannans were almost insoluble under the(More)
The durability of different commonly used thermosetting wood adhesives (UF, MUF, MUPF) was determined from the hydrolytically induced mass loss and the amount of liberated formaldehyde. Both methods showed high reproducibility. Different methodical aspects were investigated for further improvement. The hydrolytically induced mass loss and formaldehyde(More)
This work focused on the enzymatic treatment of deinking sludge (DS), a waste stream arising from German deinked pulp mills. Three industrial DS samples were characterised with respect to chemical composition and fibre morphology. In this study, four cellulase enzyme preparations were tested under neutral pH conditions and one cellulase was identified as(More)
Fines concentration harms paper machine runability and output quality in recovered paper processing, hence, their extraction would be fundamentally beneficial. In this study, separated fines from an industrial recycled fiber pulp (RFP) were characterized and evaluated for their potential biogas yields with a focus on understanding the role of varying lignin(More)
  • 1