Learn More
BACKGROUND AND AIM:Crohn's disease (CD) is a heterogeneous disorder characterized by diverse clinical phenotypes. Childhood-onset CD has been described as a more aggressive phenotype. Genetic and immune factors may influence disease phenotype and clinical course. We examined the association of immune responses to microbial antigens with disease behavior and(More)
BACKGROUND Crohn's disease (CD) is often associated with antibodies to microbial antigens. Differences in immune response may offer clues to the pathogenesis of the disease. The aim was to examine the influence of age at diagnosis on the serologic response in children with CD. METHODS Data were drawn from 3 North American multicenter pediatric(More)
BACKGROUND The IL-23 receptor (IL-23R) has been found to be associated with small bowel Crohn's disease (CD) in a whole genome association study. Specifically, the rare allele of the R381Q single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) conferred protection against CD. It is unknown whether IL-23R is associated with IBD in children. The aim was to examine the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The ability to identify children with CD who are at highest risk for rapid progression from uncomplicated to complicated phenotypes would be invaluable in guiding initial therapy. The aims of this study were to determine whether immune responses and/or CARD15 variants are associated with complicated disease phenotypes and predict disease(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously reported a 10% incidence of posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) in pediatric patients receiving first liver grafts and primarily immunosuppressed with tacrolimus. To decrease the incidence of PTLD, we developed a protocol utilizing preemptive intravenous ganciclovir in high-risk recipients (i.e., donor (D)+,(More)
BACKGROUND Achalasia is rare in children. Recently, injection of botulinum toxin into the lower esophageal sphincter has been studied as an alternative to esophageal pneumatic dilatation or surgical myotomy as treatment for achalasia. In the current study, the effects of botulinum toxin were investigated in the largest known series of children with(More)
BACKGROUND Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) and cryptogenic chronic hepatitis (CCH) are important causes of liver failure in children, frequently necessitating orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). The aim of this study is to review disease progression and potential differences between subgroups of children with AIH and CCH. METHODS The medical records of 65(More)
BACKGROUND The ability to identify patients with Crohn's disease (CD) at highest risk of surgery would be invaluable in guiding therapy. Genome-wide association studies have identified multiple IBD loci with unknown phenotypic consequences. The aims of this study were to: (1) identify associations between known and novel CD loci with early resective CD(More)
Bile acids undergo a unique enterohepatic circulation, which allows them to be efficiently reused with minimal loss. With the cloning of key bile acid transporter genes in the liver and intestine, clinicians now have a detailed understanding of how the different components in the enterohepatic circulation operate. These advances in basic knowledge of this(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the efficacy of amitriptyline (AMI) in treating irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in adolescents. STUDY DESIGN Adolescents 12 to 18 years with newly diagnosed IBS were surveyed with a symptom checklist, pain rating scale, visual analog scale, and IBS quality of life (QOL) questionnaire. Subjects were randomized in a double-blinded(More)