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Outpatients with inoperable far advanced hepato-cellular carcinomas (n = 5) were treated with LDCY--300 mg/m2 i.v. every 28 days-, echinacin--60 mg/m2 i.m.--and thymostimulin--30 mg/m2 i.m., day 3-10 after LDCY, then twice a week. Therapy was well tolerated by all patients. Their Karnofsky' index increased for 10% in the mean. A stable disease for more than(More)
Interferon gamma (IFN gamma) inhibits many effects of interleukin (IL)-4. Its production largely parallels cell proliferation but is regulated independently. As IL-4 inhibits several IL-2-induced effects including proliferation of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, we investigated its influence on the IL-2-induced IFN gamma production. We found that(More)
Clinical and epidemiological evidence exists that subjects who chronically abuse alcohol are disposed to infections and certain types of cancer. In vitro inhibition of mitogen-induced lymphocyte proliferation has been shown suggesting a direct immunosuppressive effect of ethanol. Using human peripheral blood mononuclear cells we could demonstrate in vitro(More)
The effects of aging and caloric restriction on uninduced levels of hepatic microsomal cytochrome P-450s and specific P-450-related catalytic activities were evaluated in female Fischer 344 rats. Microsomes were isolated from livers of ad libitum (AL) fed rats 1, 3, 6, 16 and 26 months of age, and from calorie-restricted (CR) rats 6, 16 and 26 months of(More)
A highly potent inhibitor of calmodulin-sensitive phosphodiesterase (PDE) activity was isolated from the culture broth of an unidentified fungal isolate, SCF-125. A chemically defined medium was developed for production of this compound. The PDE inhibitor was isolated from the fermentation filtrate by adsorption on a macro-reticular resin and further(More)
Using Sellers TT algorithm, primary structure repeats have been described for interferon (IFN)-alpha, -beta 1, and gamma. To reevaluate these results and to extend them to IFN-beta 2 (interleukin-6), a modified algorithm was developed that uses a metric to define the "best" partial homology of two peptide sequences and to compare it to those detected in(More)
Recently, we have demonstrated a substance P (SP)-dependent modulation of in vitro IgM and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) secretion by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, as well as lymphokine activities in supernatants of cultured duodenal mucosa. Therefore we investigated other local immunoregulatory effects of SP. Duodenal biopsies of 7 healthy(More)
Blood lymphocytes from eight subjects were cultured for seven days and stimulated with Pokeweed mitogen. At the same time, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) was added in rising concentrations (10(-12) M to 10(-6) M). Immunoglobulin concentrations were measured by ELISA in the remaining cultures. Mitogen-stimulated peripheral mononuclear cells were(More)