Ron Ewart

Learn More
In order to determine whether microvascular blood flow is important in the regulation of intra-islet cellular interactions, rat pancreata were isolated and perfused in vitro, both anterogradely or retrogradely, with and without anti-insulin or anti-somatostatin gamma-globulin. Expressed as percent change, anterograde infusion of insulin antibody increased(More)
The present studies were designed to investigate the mechanism of previously-reported nocturnal hyperinsulinemia in the pinealectomized rat. Isolated islets were obtained from anesthetized control, sham-pinealectomized and pinealectomized rats, with 5 rats per surgical groups, during the early dark phase of the daily lightdark cycle. Batches of 3 islets(More)
The effects of enflurane upon rate of insulin release from rat pancreatic islets were determined in vitro. A dose-related inhibitory effect of enflurane on glucose-stimulated insulin release was observed with almost complete inhibition being seen when the enflurane concentration in the gas phase was 3.21% (v/v), equivalent to 1.26 mM enflurane in the liquid(More)
Lectins from Agaricus bisporus and Agaricus campestris stimulate insulin and glucagon release from isolated rat islets in the presence of 2 mM glucose. In the case of insulin release, maximal stimulation was observed at lectin concentrations above 58 mug. per milliliter (approximately 1 muM).A. bisporus PHA-B-stimulated insulin release was independent of a(More)
1. The release of growth hormone from isolated fragments of rat anterior pituitary tissue incubated in vitro was studied by employing a double-antibody radioimmunoassay. 2. In the absence of added stimuli, two phases of hormone release could be distinguished, an early phase of 2h duration and a subsequent late phase. In the early phase, hormone release was(More)
In the study reported, colchicine, often regarded as a specific inhibitor of microtubular function, was shown to exert a concentration-dependent inhibition of the low Km cyclic AMP phosphodiesterases of the pancreatic islet, adrenal cortex and various other tissues of the rat. The results indicated that colchicine is only slightly less active as an(More)
Employing a preparation of rat islet mitochondria, phosphoenolpyruvate has been shown to interact with the mitochondrial adenine nucleotide translocase. Thus, phosphoenolpyruvate inhibited mitochondrial uptake of [14C]ADP and exchanged with intramitochondrial [14C]ATP. A concentration-dependent inhibition of islet mitochondrial 45Ca2+ accumulation was seen(More)