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The central concern of this paper is to re-evaluate Rosen's replicating (M,R)-systems, presented in his book 'Life Itself ', where M and R signify metabolism and repair, respectively. We look anew at Rosen's model of an organism in the light of extensive research into natural hierarchical systems, and the paper presents conclusions drawn from a comparison(More)
The adoption of diffuse rationality creates a practical bridge between biosemiotics and computation in formulating local-to-global self-consistent criteria for cellular-to-tissue interfacing and for the emergence of life and consciousness. Nature is always complex, the more so at biological membranic inter-scalar interfaces. We present an evolutionary model(More)
The natural sciences experience great difficulty in addressing the nature of life. Most particularly, self-consistent theories of observable scalar differences across biological systems are lacking. We have developed a rational scheme for modeling the natural emergence of multi-level hierarchies, and for the characterization of hierarchical entities and(More)
Natural systems are characterized more by the way they change than by their appearance at any one moment in time. There is, however, no self-consistent theory capable of ascribing the development of living hierarchical organisms to conventional scientific rationality. We have derived a generic model for the dynamics and evolution of natural hierarchical(More)