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A national household probability sample of 4,023 adolescents aged 12 to 17 years was interviewed by telephone about substance use, victimization experiences, familial substance use, and posttraumatic reactions to identify risk factors for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders--(4th ed.; American Psychiatric Association, 1994) defined(More)
Women experience alarming levels of physical and sexual assault, which may lead to escalation of substance use. Reciprocally, evidence from cross-sectional studies indicates that substance use may increase risk of assault. To date, directionality of this relationship remains unclear. This issue is addressed by the present 3-wave longitudinal study in which(More)
BACKGROUND Rape has a negative impact on physical and mental health, health-related behaviors, and health service utilization. Timely medical care is important for preventive services. METHODS Cross-sectional data were obtained from a larger 2-year longitudinal study, the National Women's Study (NWS). A total of 3006 adult women participated in the final(More)
Cigarette smoking may be conceptualized as a strategy to cope with negative affect. Therefore, rates of cigarette use might be expected to be greater in individuals experiencing events that produce negative affect, such as assault. To test this hypothesis, a national sample of 3,006 women aged 18 and older was assessed for lifetime and current cigarette(More)
This integrated series of three articles deals with the relationship between interpersonal violence and health. In the first article, the scope of the problem, the prevalence of interpersonal violence, and information on rates of violent crime in specific subgroups of people are outlined. The role of the treating physician and other health professionals in(More)
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is moderately heritable, with estimates ranging from 30 to 70%. However, most of the genetic variation accounting for this heritability has yet to be identified, and the majority of molecular studies to date on PTSD have been candidate gene designs. Only one genome wide association study of PTSD has been published. In a(More)
This study was a secondary analysis of two similar data sets to examine potential differences in PTSD symptoms between elderly whites and African Americans (n=90). Without regard to trauma type, there were no differences between the races in the distribution of PTSD diagnosis or specific symptom constellations (e.g., re-experiencing, avoidance, or arousal).(More)