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INTRODUCTION Pain is one of the most commonly reported symptoms in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). However, wide ranges of pain prevalence have been reported, making it difficult to determine the relative impact of pain in PLWHA. A systematic review of the literature was conducted to establish the prevalence and characteristics of pain and to explore(More)
CONTEXT Pain has been reported as the second most commonly reported symptom in people living with HIV/AIDS. In South Africa, there are more than five million people living with HIV/AIDS. Approximately, two million belong to the Xhosa cultural group. The prevalence of pain in amaXhosa living with HIV/AIDS was unknown at the commencement of the study. A(More)
BACKGROUND A major challenge facing those with late stage osteoarthritis is delayed surgery due to waiting lists. In South Africa patients wait years for a hip/knee arthroplasty. Affected patients require effective management to address their pain, especially while awaiting surgery. Existing literature is mostly available from high income countries(More)
BACKGROUND Pain is one of the most commonly reported symptoms in people living with HIV/AIDS, whether or not they are receiving anti-retroviral therapy. A recent systematic review identified a paucity of studies exploring pain in women in low and middle income countries. The prevalence and characteristics of pain in women living with HIV/AIDS may differ(More)
This study tested an intervention program based on a chronic pain management model for pain. We conducted a trial of a 6-week, peer-led exercise and education intervention on pain in amaXhosa women living with HIV/AIDS. Participants were monitored over 15 months of routine care before randomization. The control group was provided with educational workbooks,(More)
BACKGROUND Phantom limb pain (PLP) is characterized by the anatomical shifting of neighbouring somatosensory and motor areas into a deafferented cortical area of the brain contralateral to the amputated limb. It has been shown that maladaptive neuroplasticity is positively correlated to the perception of PLP in amputees. Recent studies support the use of(More)
BACKGROUND   Clinical scenarios of repeated pain usually involve both nociceptive and non-nociceptive input. It is likely that associations between these stimuli are learned over time. Such learning may underlie subsequent amplification of pain, or evocation of pain in the absence of nociception. METHODS   We undertook a systematic review and(More)
BACKGROUND The extent of disease burden of musculoskeletal conditions (MSC) not due to injury has not been well determined in sub-Saharan Africa. The 1999 Global Burden of Disease study estimated the prevalence of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis to be 150/100,000 compared to 1,500/100,000 in Europe. The objective of the study was to determine the(More)