Romeo T Toledo

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Grape seeds and skins are good sources of phytochemicals such as gallic acid, catechin, and epicatechin and are suitable raw materials for the production of antioxidative dietary supplements. The differences in levels of the major monomeric flavanols and phenolic acids in seeds and skins from grapes of Vitis vinifera varieties Merlot and Chardonnay and in(More)
Three experiments were conducted to test the hypothesis that extruding cottonseed meal (CSM) with supplemental lysine improves its feeding value by detoxifying gossypol. The performance of 1-wk-old straight-run Peterson x Arbor Acres broiler chicks fed diets containing 20% feed-grade or extruded CSM was compared with that of control chicks fed corn and(More)
Three experiments were conducted to determine the effects of pelleting and extrusion of feeds on the utilization of phytate P by broilers. The first experiment investigated the effects of pelleting the whole corn-soybean meal (SBM) diet, the corn, or SBM separately on phytate P utilization. The P-deficient basal diet contained 0.5% total P and 0.2% phytate(More)
Compactin was synthesized by Penicillium cyclopium in submerged as well as in bioreactor systems and assayed spectrophotometrically with a detection limit of 0.5 μg ml−1 solvent. Synthesis in submerged culture was affected by aeration, glucose level, pH, and type and molarity of buffer. Citrate or succinate (pH 4.0, 0.10 M) in malt glucose peptone broth(More)
Powder and granular activated charcoal were evaluated for ethanol adsorptivity from aqueous mixtures using an adsorption isotherm. Ethanol adsorption capacity was more pronounced at 25 degrees C as compared to 5, 15, and 40 degrees C. When pH of the ethanol-buffer mixture (0.09 ionic strength) was changed from acidic (2.3) to neutral and then to alkaline(More)
The ability of L-sorbose to stimulate cellulase production In shake flask culture of Trichoderma reesei was examined in mineral salts media (initial pH 5.0) containing either 1.0% D-xylose, 1.0% cellulose, and/or 0.1, 0.3, or 0.5% L-sorbose. When sorbose was the only carbon source, growth was limited, little substrate was utilized, pH increased, and(More)
The thermal resistance of Clostridium sporogenes PA 3679 ATCC 7955 was determined in soymilk (pH 7) and 0.1% peptone water (pH 7) by the capillary tube method. In the continuous flow high-pressure throttling, the temperature of soymilk increased due to instantaneous pressure release and the additional heat was supplied by a heat exchanger to achieve the set(More)
A Shockwave Power Reactor consisting of an annulus with a rotating pock-marked inner cylinder was used to induce hydrodynamic cavitation in calcium-fortified apple juice flowing in the annular space. Lethality on Saccharomyces cerevisiae was assessed at processing temperatures of 65 and 76.7 degrees C. Details of the novel equipment design were presented(More)
Liquid smoke fractions (S1, S2, S3, and S4) were applied on ready-to-eat (RTE) meat products to control the growth of inoculated Listeria innocua M1. Turkey rolls and roast beef products were dipped in liquid smoke, surface inoculated with L. innocua M1 (10(2) CFU/25 cm(2) RTE meat surface), vacuum packaged, and stored at 4 degrees C. Section 8.5 of USDA's(More)
Soymilk processing uses a filtration or centrifugation step to remove coarse solids in the comminuted soy. The objective was to utilize the whole beans and determine the effect of continuous flow high pressure throttling (CFHPT) process in reducing particle size and narrowing down the particle size distribution. The rheological and ultrastructural(More)