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BACKGROUND Impaired vascular function occurs early in atherogenesis. Brachial flow mediated dilatation (FMD) is a non-invasive measure of vascular function and may be an important marker of preclinical atherosclerosis. Data on the association between FMD and carotid plaque in multi-ethnic populations are limited. The objective of this study was to determine(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE There is scant population-based evidence regarding extracranial carotid plaque surface irregularity and ischemic stroke. Using a prospective cohort design, we evaluated the association of carotid plaque surface irregularity and the risk of ischemic stroke in a multiethnic population. METHODS High-resolution B-mode ultrasound of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To show that serum interleukin levels are associated with carotid intima-media thickness (IMT). BACKGROUND Inflammation is hypothesized to play a central role in atherogenesis, and serum markers of inflammation are predictive of cardiovascular disease. Interleukin-2, a pro-inflammatory cytokine produced largely by naive CD4 T cells and Th1(More)
OBJECTIVE The prognostic implications of carotid plaque calcification (CPC) relative to subsequent vascular events are unclear. Our aim was to determine the association between CPC and risk of vascular events in a prospective multi-ethnic cohort. METHODS CPC was assessed among 1118 stroke-free subjects (mean age 68+/-8 years; 59% women; 59% Hispanic, 22%(More)
OBJECTIVE Carotid distensibility (CD) is a measure of carotid artery elasticity that has been introduced as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Information regarding reproducibility of sonographic CD measures is limited. The objective of this study was to evaluate the inter-reader reliability of sonographic measurements of common carotid artery (CCA)(More)
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