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Autotransporters (ATs) constitute an important family of virulence factors secreted by Gram-negative bacteria. Following their translocation across the inner membrane (IM), ATs temporarily reside in the periplasmic space after which they are secreted into the extracellular environment. Previous studies have shown that the AT hemoglobin protease (Hbp) of(More)
Limonene-1,2-epoxide hydrolase (LEH) from Rhodococcus erythropolis DCL14, an enzyme involved in the limonene degradation pathway of this microlorganism, has a narrow substrate specificity. Of the compounds tested, the natural substrate, limonene-1,2-epoxide, and several alicyclic and 2-methyl-1,2-epoxides (e.g. 1-methylcyclohexene oxide and indene oxide),(More)
Multicomponent reactions have become increasingly popular as tools for the rapid generation of small-molecule libraries. However, to ensure sufficient molecular diversity and complexity, there is a continuous need for novel reactions. Although serendipity has always played an important role in the discovery of novel (multicomponent) reactions, rational(More)
We have combined the biocatalytic desymmetrization of 3,4-cis-substituted meso-pyrrolidines with an Ugi-type multicomponent reaction followed in situ by a Pictet-Spengler-type cyclization reaction sequence for the rapid asymmetric synthesis of alkaloid-like polycyclic compounds.
Total asymmetric synthesis of two components of Panax ginseng showing antitumor activity, i.e., (3R,9R,10R)- and (3S,9R,10R)-Panaxytriol and of both enantiomers of Falcarinol was accomplished. Due to the fact that the synthetic strategy was based on enantioconvergent biotransformations, the occurrence of any undesired stereoisomer was entirely avoided. The(More)
A partially purified epoxide hydrolase from Nocardia EH1 was stabilized by immobilization through ionic binding onto DEAE-cellulose. This biocatalyst showed more than twice the activity (225 %) of that of the free enzyme albeit at a marginal reduction in enantioselectivity. The addition of the nonionic detergent Triton X-100 during the immobilization(More)
A broad range of differently substituted dihydropyrimidines and thiazines can be efficiently prepared by using a four-component reaction between phosphonates, nitriles, aldehydes, and iso(thio)cyanates. The scope and limitations of this multicomponent reaction are fully described. Variation of all four components has been investigated. The nitrile and(More)
[Structure: see text] In a search for new multicomponent strategies leading to valuable small heterocycles, a new highly diastereoselective four-component reaction (4CR) was found in which a phosphonate, nitriles, aldehydes, and isocyanoacetates combine to afford functionalized 3-isocyano-3,4-dihydro-2-pyridones. In this strategy, initially a 1-azadiene is(More)
Multicomponent reactions (MCRs) receive increasing attention because they address both diversity and complexity in organic synthesis. Thus, in principle diverse sets of relatively complex structures can be generated from simple starting materials in a single reaction step. The ever increasing need for optically pure compounds for pharmaceutical and(More)