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BACKGROUND Mice have become of increasing interest as experimental model for fracture studies. Due to their small size, most studies use simple pins for fracture stabilization, although insufficient rigidity of fixation critically affects fracture healing. Herein, we studied whether longitudinal fracture compression by an intramedullary screw represents a(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the increasing clinical problems with metaphyseal fractures, most experimental studies investigate the healing of diaphyseal fractures. Although the mouse would be the preferable species to study the molecular and genetic aspects of metaphyseal fracture healing, a murine model does not exist yet. Using a special locking plate system, we(More)
Small animal fracture models have gained increasing interest in fracture healing studies. To achieve standardized and defined study conditions, various variables must be carefully controlled when designing fracture healing experiments in mice or rats. The strain, age and sex of the animals may influence the process of fracture healing. Furthermore, the(More)
The various molecular mechanisms of cell regeneration and tissue healing can best be studied in mouse models with the availability of a wide range of monoclonal antibodies and gene-targeted animals. The influence of the mechanical stability of individual stabilization techniques on the molecular mechanisms of fracture healing has not been completely(More)
Mice are increasingly used to investigate mechanobiology in fracture healing. The need exists for standardized models allowing for adjustment of the mechanical conditions in the fracture gap. We introduced such a model using rigid and flexible external fixators with considerably different stiffness (axial stiffnesses of 18.1 and 0.82 N/mm, respectively).(More)
In most murine fracture models, the femur is stabilized by an intramedullary implant and heals predominantly through endochondral ossification. The aim of the present study was to establish a mouse model in which fractures heal intra-membraneously. Femur fractures of 16 SKH-mice were stabilized by an internal locking plate. Femur fractures of another 16(More)
Tissue engineered constructs should be tested for their efficacy not only in normal but also in osteoporotic bone. The rat is an established animal model for osteoporosis and is used often for bone healing studies. In this study a defined and standardized critical size defect model in the rat suitable for screening new tissue engineered constructs in normal(More)
Very little is known about the influence of the mechanical environment on the healing of large segmental defects. This partly reflects the lack of standardised, well characterised technologies to enable such studies. Here we report the design, construction and characterisation of a novel external fixator for use in conjunction with rat femoral defects. This(More)
BACKGROUND Mouse models are of increasing interest to study cellular and molecular mechanisms during fracture healing. However, unlike in large animals and in humans, stable fixation of fractures has been difficult due to the small size of the mouse. METHODS Based on μCT-scans of a mouse femur, we developed a new intramedullary implant system comparable(More)
Mouse models are invaluable tools for mechanistic and efficacy studies of the healing process of large bone defects resulting in atrophic nonunions, a severe medical problem and a financial health-care-related burden. Models of atrophic nonunions are usually achieved by providing a highly stable biomechanical environment. For this purpose, external fixators(More)