Romano Demicheli

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To gather information on metastatic growth from the time-distribution of first treatment failure in breast cancer patients undergoing mastectomy alone.Methods: The risk of recurrence at a given time after surgery was studied utilizing the cause-specific hazard function. Recurrence was categorized as first treatment failure at any site, local-regional(More)
BACKGROUND The commonly accepted theory of breast cancer metastatic development assumes continuous tumor growth from tumor seeding until documentation of clinical recurrence. In particular, Gompertzian growth kinetics is currently the theoretical cornerstone of the natural history of breast cancer, and has been widely utilized for planning treatments. (More)
A few clinical investigations suggest that while primary breast cancer surgical removal favorably modifies the natural history for some patients, it may also hasten the metastatic development for others. The concepts underlying this disease paradigm, i.e. tumor homeostasis, tumor dormancy and surgery-driven enhancement of metastasis development, have a long(More)
Primary tumor removal, usually considered intrinsically beneficial, can perturb metastatic homeostasis, and for some patients results in the acceleration of metastatic cancer. The continuous-growth model is required to yield to an interrupted-growth model, the implications of which are episodes of tumor dormancy. This Review analyzes the recent evolution of(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to better understand human breast cancer biology by studying how the timing of metastasis following primary resection is affected by adjuvant CMF (cyclophoshamide, methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil) chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Discrete hazards of recurrence and recurrence risk reductions for treated patients relative to(More)
Background. Gemcitabine (G) and vinorelbine (V) have favorable safety profile and antitumor activity in metastatic breast cancer. To exploit their different mechanism of action and lack of overlapping toxicity, we performed a phase I and II study of G and V in combination. Patients and methods. Fifty-three patients with metastatic breast cancer were(More)
Growth of tumors can accelerate during the peri-operative period. Accordingly, early relapse of cancer occurs in some patients during the first two postoperative years. Temporal and biologic analyses of cancer pathophysiology suggest a link between peri-operative pathophysiological changes and acceleration of tumor growth. Understanding the role of(More)
We review our work over the past 14 years that began when we were first confronted with bimodal relapse patterns in two breast cancer databases from different countries. These data were unexplainable with the accepted continuous tumor growth paradigm. To explain these data, we proposed that metastatic breast cancer growth commonly includes periods of(More)
Surgery should be considered as a major perturbing factor for metastasis development in laboratory animals. The different time distribution of mortality for 1173 patients undergoing mastectomy in comparison with 250 untreated patients suggests that primary tumour removal could result in changes of the metastatic process even for breast cancer.