Romaniszyn Michal

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The present study examined the effects of a footshock reminder in restoring memory after discrete electrical brain stimulation. Rats received low-level bilateral electrical stimulation of either the amygdala or the hippocampus after training in a one-trial passive avoidance task. Rats receiving stimulation showed amnesia when tested 24 hr after training.(More)
Dear Editor: The most common pathological mechanism of faecal incontinence is the insufficiency of the external anal sphinc-ter (EAS) caused by neurological or myogenic dysfunction. The myogenic mechanism of EAS insufficiency is usually due to direct mechanical damage during childbirth, trauma or surgery in anorectal region, whereas neurological aetiology(More)
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