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The localization of high-molecular-weight (80,000-200,000-daltons) proteins in the sarcomere of striated muscle has been studied by coordinated electron-microscopic and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) gel electrophoretic analysis of native myofilaments and extracted and digested myofibrils. Methods were developed for the isolation of thick and thin filaments(More)
We have previously demonstrated that hybrid adeno-associated viral (AAV) vectors bearing nonhomologous inverted terminal repeats (ITRs) enhance directional intermolecular recombination and the efficiency of dual-AAV vector trans-splicing in cultured cells. Using hybrid-ITR vectors carrying two exons of a lacZ minigene, we demonstrate that this dual-vector(More)
The relatively small package capacity (less than 5 kb) of adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors has been effectively doubled with the development of dual-vector heterodimerization approaches. However, the efficiency of such dual-vector systems is limited not only by the extent to which intermolecular recombination occurs between two independent vector(More)
The choice of adeno-associated virus serotypes for clinical applications is influenced by the animal model and model system used to evaluate various serotypes. In the present study, we sought to compare the biologic properties of rAAV2/1, rAAV2/2, and rAAV2/5 transduction in polarized human airway epithelia using viruses purified by a newly developed common(More)
Recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vectors possess the unique ability to introduce genetic alterations at sites of homology in genomic DNA through a mechanism thought to predominantly involve homologous recombination. We have investigated the efficiency of this approach using a mutant enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) fluorescence recovery(More)
Hypertrophy was produced in the anterior latissimus dorsi (ALD) muscle of 5-wk-old chickens by application of a load to the humerus. After 4 wk, hypertrophied ALD muscles were greater than 2.5 times heavier than contralateral control ALD muscles. Two isomyosins are distinguishable in normal ALD muscles by their different electrophoretic mobilities. It is(More)
The organization of the cytoskeleton at the equator of chicken intrafusal fibers was examined with immunofluorescence light microscopy, using monoclonal antibodies against myosin heavy chains, desmin, actin and tropomyosin. Actin was localized in the cytosol and in equatorial nuclei, while myosin heavy chains, desmin and tropomyosin were only observed in(More)
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