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We tested the hypothesis that hypertrophy of the human heart is associated with the redistribution of ventricular isomyosins. Human cardiac myosin was isolated from autopsy samples of left ventricular free wall of patients with cardiac hypertrophy and of fetal, young, and adult subjects without heart disease. The following parameters were studied:(More)
The effect of thyroid hormone on the expression of ventricular isomyosins V1, V2, and V3 was studied in fetal and neonatal rats. Between 15 and 21 days gestation, V3 accounts for 80-90% of fetal ventricular myosin. After birth, there is a rapid transition from the fetal V3 isotype to an equal mixture of V1 and V3 at 3 days, and to 100% V1 at 3 weeks of age.(More)
Expression of the cardiac myosin heavy chain (MHC) genes is regulated developmentally and by numerous epigenetic factors. Here we report the identification of a cis-regulatory element and cognate nuclear binding protein(s) responsible for cAMP-induced expression of the rat cardiac alpha-MHC gene. By Northern blot analysis, we found that, in primary cultures(More)
The localization of high-molecular-weight (80,000-200,000-daltons) proteins in the sarcomere of striated muscle has been studied by coordinated electron-microscopic and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) gel electrophoretic analysis of native myofilaments and extracted and digested myofibrils. Methods were developed for the isolation of thick and thin filaments(More)
Cross and longitudinal sections from the encapsulated portions of chicken tibialis anterior and extensor digitorum longus muscle spindles were examined to determine whether their intrafusal fibers were a structurally homogeneous or heterogeneous population. The techniques used were the histochemical actomyosin (mATPase) reaction, and fluorescence(More)
We have prepared monoclonal antibodies specific for cardiac myosin heavy chain. These antibodies were used for the separation and characterization of the molecular variants of myosin heavy chain present in the rabbit heart. Two molecular forms of myosin heavy chain, HC alpha and HC beta, were isolated from the euthyroid rabbit heart by affinity(More)
The extent of cardiac injury incurred during reperfusion as opposed to that occurring during ischemia is unclear. This study tested the hypothesis that simulated ischemia followed by simulated reperfusion causes significant "reperfusion injury" in isolated chick cardiomyocytes. Cells were exposed to hypoxia, hypercarbic acidosis, hyperkalemia, and substrate(More)
The structural properties of cardiac isomyosins from several species were compared using native gel electrophoresis, analysis of proteolytic digests, analysis of monoclonal antibody reactivity to specific proteolytic fragments on electroblots and S1 nuclease mapping with cDNA probes. The structure of specific regions of the myosin molecule was analyzed by(More)
The amount of myosin per gram of cardiac and skeletal muscle was determined in sodium dodecyl sulfate-solubilized tissue homogenates by radioimmunoassay and by isotope dilution. In the rabbit ventricle, there was an average of 27 mg myosin/g wet wt of tissue. In chickens, the myosin content of typical "red" (anterior latissimus dorsi) and "white" (posterior(More)