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We tested the hypothesis that hypertrophy of the human heart is associated with the redistribution of ventricular isomyosins. Human cardiac myosin was isolated from autopsy samples of left ventricular free wall of patients with cardiac hypertrophy and of fetal, young, and adult subjects without heart disease. The following parameters were studied:(More)
• Normally, myocardial metabolism is almost exclusively aerobic. The substantial quantities of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) required for muscle contraction and the much smaller amounts necessary for the maintenance of functions such as ion transport, rhythmicity, and conduction and the synthesis of membrane and protein constituents of the myocardium are(More)
We have prepared monoclonal antibodies specific for cardiac myosin heavy chain. These antibodies were used for the separation and characterization of the molecular variants of myosin heavy chain present in the rabbit heart. Two molecular forms of myosin heavy chain, HC alpha and HC beta, were isolated from the euthyroid rabbit heart by affinity(More)
The effect of thyroid hormone on the expression of ventricular isomyosins V1, V2, and V3 was studied in fetal and neonatal rats. Between 15 and 21 days gestation, V3 accounts for 80-90% of fetal ventricular myosin. After birth, there is a rapid transition from the fetal V3 isotype to an equal mixture of V1 and V3 at 3 days, and to 100% V1 at 3 weeks of age.(More)
The localization of high-molecular-weight (80,000-200,000-daltons) proteins in the sarcomere of striated muscle has been studied by coordinated electron-microscopic and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) gel electrophoretic analysis of native myofilaments and extracted and digested myofibrils. Methods were developed for the isolation of thick and thin filaments(More)
The M-CAT binding factor transcription enhancer factor 1 (TEF-1) has been implicated in the regulation of several cardiac and skeletal muscle genes. Previously, we identified an E-box-M-CAT hybrid (EM) motif that is responsible for the basal and cyclic AMP-inducible expression of the rat cardiac alpha-myosin heavy chain (alpha-MHC) gene in cardiac myocytes.(More)
The structural properties of cardiac isomyosins from several species were compared using native gel electrophoresis, analysis of proteolytic digests, analysis of monoclonal antibody reactivity to specific proteolytic fragments on electroblots and S1 nuclease mapping with cDNA probes. The structure of specific regions of the myosin molecule was analyzed by(More)
Egr-1 is an early growth response gene that encodes a protein with three zinc fingers and is involved in transcriptional regulation. In adult heart myocytes, in contrast to c-fos and c-myc, high levels of Egr-1 mRNA expression have been shown. Here we report that Egr-1 transactivates rat cardiac alpha-MHC gene expression. In serum-starved primary cultures(More)