Roman Tandlich

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The effect of two terpenes, carvone and limonene, on the biodegradation of DELOR 103, a commercial mixture of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), by Pseudomonas stutzeri, an isolate from long-term PCB-contaminated soil, was studied in detail. The addition of both carvone and limonene as potential inducers of the dioxygenase metabolic pathway exerted an(More)
Platinum group metal (PGM) refining processes produce large quantities of wastewater, which is contaminated with the compounds that make up the solvents/extractants mixtures used in the process. These compounds often include solvesso, beta-hydroxyxime, amines, amides and methyl isobutyl ketone. A process to clean up PGM refinery wastewaters so that they(More)
The knowledge of drug concentrations in bilayer headgroups, core, and at the interface between them is a prerequisite for quantitative modeling of drug interactions with many membrane-bound transporters, metabolizing enzymes and receptors, which have the binding sites located in the bilayer. This knowledge also helps understand the rates of trans-bilayer(More)
Characterization of interactions with phospholipids is an integral part of the in vitro profiling of drug candidates because of the roles the interactions play in tissue accumulation and passive diffusion. Currently used test systems may inadequately emulate the bilayer core solvation properties (immobilized artificial membranes [IAM]), suffer from(More)
The mechanism of biphenyl biodegradation by Pseudomonas stutzeri was studied. Growth curves on biphenyl were measured, along with dissolution kinetics of biphenyl and production of biosurfactants by the bacterium. Biphenyl was supplied as pure crystals (the crystal biphenyl), adsorbed to Chromosorb G (the Chromosorb G biphenyl) or XAD-4 particles (the XAD-4(More)
Wine distillery wastewaters (WDW) are acidic and have a high content of potential organic pollutants. This causes high chemical oxygen demand (COD) values. Polyphenols constitute a significant portion of this COD, and limit the efficiency of biological treatment of WDWs. WDW starting parameters were as follows: pH 3.83, 4,185 mg/l soluble COD (COD(s)) and(More)
Renewed focus on the sorption of hydrophobic organic chemicals (HOCs) onto mineral surfaces and soil components is required due to the increased and wider range of organic pollutants being released into the environment. This mini-review examines the possibility of the contribution and mechanism of HOC sorption onto clay mineral sorbents such as kaolinite,(More)
Infrastructural problems force South African households to supplement their drinking water consumption from water resources of inadequate microbial quality. Microbial water quality monitoring is currently based on the Colilert®18 system which leads to rapidly available results. Using Escherichia coli as the indicator microorganism limits the influence of(More)
In South Africa, the annual risk of flooding is 83.3 % and the population vulnerability is high due to economic factors and geographical location. Before 1994 the Civil Protection Act No. 67 of 1977 governed disaster management, but its framework was inadequate as demonstrated by 104 deaths in Lainsburg floods of 1981. Thus a major push came towards(More)
Solvation free energies of drugs, peptides, and other small molecules in the core and headgroup regions of phospholipid bilayers determine their conformations, accumulation, and transport properties. The transfer free energy includes the energy terms for the formation of a cavity for the solute, the interactions of the solute with phospholipids,(More)