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BACKGROUND Some of the major complications of sickle cell disease (SCD) occur in the brain and apart from overt stroke, patients also present with cognitive impairments. We sought to evaluate the prevalence of cognitive deficits as well as their biological predicting factors in young SCD patients in Cameroon. METHODS The cognitive performances of(More)
Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is one of the many autonomic disturbances observed in Parkinson's disease (PD). It has been debated whether an additional impairment of cerebral autoregulation (CA) in PD patients may exacerbate the consequences of OH upon brain perfusion. We assessed CA in PD patients and the potential influence of dopaminergic agents. CA was(More)
AIM The study aims to describe the epidemiology and the neural correlates of peripersonal visuospatial neglect (PVN) in patients admitted to the Geneva Stroke Unit for an acute stroke or a transient ischemic attack (TIA). METHODS Eligible subjects were tested for PVN using both the Ota's discriminative cancellation task and a line bisection task. Brain(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Identification of the population at risk of stroke remains the best approach to assess the burden of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. METHODS The prevalence of hypertension (HT), hypercholesterolemia (HCh), diabetes mellitus (DM), overweight (OW), obesity (OB), tobacco use (SM), and their combinations was examined in 4,458(More)
BACKGROUND Carotid artery stenosis is associated with the occurrence of acute and chronic ischemic lesions that increase with age in the elderly population. Diffusion Imaging and ADC mapping may be an appropriate method to investigate patients with chronic hypoperfusion consecutive to carotid stenosis. This non-invasive technique allows to investigate brain(More)
We determined in 725 sequentially admitted first-ever stroke patients, using color-coded duplex flow imaging of the V2 segment, whether vertebral artery hypoplasia (VAH) (diameter < or = 2.5 mm) was more frequent (13%) in posterior circulation territory infarction (247) than in strokes in other territories (4.6%). This difference is significant (p < 0.001),(More)
The study of unilateral spatial neglect has shown that space can be dissociated on a peripersonal versus extrapersonal basis. We report a novel type of dissociation based on tool use in a patient suffering from left neglect. Line bisection was carried out in near and far space, using a stick and a laser pointer. A rightward bias was always found for the(More)
This databank-based, multicenter study compared all stroke patients with IV tissue plasminogen activator aged > or = 80 years (n = 38) and those < 80 years old (n = 287). Three-month mortality was higher in older patients. Favorable outcome (modified Rankin scale < or = 1) and intracranial hemorrhage (asymptomatic/symptomatic/fatal) were similarly frequent(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In acute stroke it is no longer sufficient to detect simply ischemia, but also to try to evaluate reperfusion/recanalization status and predict eventual hemorrhagic transformation. Arterial spin labeling (ASL) perfusion may have advantages over contrast-enhanced perfusion-weighted imaging (cePWI), and susceptibility weighted imaging(More)
INTRODUCTION Very few normative data on psychometric tests are available in sub-Saharan African countries, in spite of the obvious needs and potential benefits from psychological and neuropsychological examination in these contexts. The goal of the ongoing overall project is to assess the cognitive functioning of Cameroonian school-aged children suffering(More)