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Hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitor-1 (HAI-1) is a Kunitz-type transmembrane serine protease inhibitor that forms inhibitor complexes with several trypsin-like serine proteases and is required for mouse placental development and embryo survival. Here we show that the essential function of HAI-1 in placentation and all other embryonic processes is(More)
Overexpression of the type II transmembrane serine protease matriptase is a highly consistent feature of human epithelial tumors. Here we show that matriptase possesses a strong oncogenic potential when unopposed by its endogenous inhibitor, HAI-1. Modest orthotopic overexpression of matriptase in the skin of transgenic mice caused spontaneous squamous cell(More)
Matriptase/MT-SP1 is a novel tumor-associated type II transmembrane serine protease that is highly expressed in the epidermis, thymic stroma, and other epithelia. A null mutation was introduced into the Matriptase/MT-SP1 gene of mice to determine the role of Matriptase/MT-SP1 in epidermal development and neoplasia. Matriptase/MT-SP1-deficient mice developed(More)
Recent advances in the mammalian genome projects have resulted in the identification of a surprisingly large number of genes encoding putative new members and even entire new families of proteolytic enzymes. In the past few years, one of these new families, type II transmembrane serine proteases (TTSPs), underwent a particularly rapid transformation from a(More)
Deficiency in the serine protease inhibitor LEKTI is the etiological origin of Netherton syndrome, which causes detachment of the stratum corneum and chronic inflammation. Here we show that the membrane protease matriptase initiates Netherton syndrome in a LEKTI-deficient mouse model by premature activation of a pro-kallikrein cascade. Auto-activation of(More)
Depending on the pH of the growth medium, the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica secretes an acidic protease or an alkaline protease, the synthesis of which is also controlled by carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur availability, as well as by the presence of extracellular proteins. Previous results have indicated that the alkaline protease response to pH was dependent on(More)
A pericellular proteolytic pathway initiated by the transmembrane serine protease matriptase plays a critical role in the terminal differentiation of epidermal tissues. Matriptase is constitutively expressed in multiple other epithelia, suggesting a putative role of this membrane serine protease in general epithelial homeostasis. Here we generated mice with(More)
Profilaggrin is a large epidermal polyprotein that is proteolytically processed during keratinocyte differentiation to release multiple filaggrin monomer units as well as a calcium-binding regulatory NH2-terminal filaggrin S-100 protein. We show that epidermal deficiency of the transmembrane serine protease Matriptase/MT-SP1 perturbs lipid matrix formation,(More)
Recent gene ablation studies in mice have shown that matriptase, a type II transmembrane serine protease, and prostasin, a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored membrane serine protease, are both required for processing of the epidermis-specific polyprotein, profilaggrin, stratum corneum formation, and acquisition of epidermal barrier function. Here we(More)
Human autosomal recessive ichthyosis with hypotrichosis (ARIH) is an inherited disorder recently linked to homozygosity for a point mutation in the ST14 gene that causes a G827R mutation in the matriptase serine protease domain (G216 in chymotrypsin numbering). Here we show that human G827R matriptase has strongly reduced proteolytic activity toward small(More)