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Hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitor-1 (HAI-1) is a Kunitz-type transmembrane serine protease inhibitor that forms inhibitor complexes with several trypsin-like serine proteases and is required for mouse placental development and embryo survival. Here we show that the essential function of HAI-1 in placentation and all other embryonic processes is(More)
Matriptase/MT-SP1 is a novel tumor-associated type II transmembrane serine protease that is highly expressed in the epidermis, thymic stroma, and other epithelia. A null mutation was introduced into the Matriptase/MT-SP1 gene of mice to determine the role of Matriptase/MT-SP1 in epidermal development and neoplasia. Matriptase/MT-SP1-deficient mice developed(More)
Recent gene ablation studies in mice have shown that matriptase, a type II transmembrane serine protease, and prostasin, a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored membrane serine protease, are both required for processing of the epidermis-specific polyprotein, profilaggrin, stratum corneum formation, and acquisition of epidermal barrier function. Here we(More)
A pericellular proteolytic pathway initiated by the transmembrane serine protease matriptase plays a critical role in the terminal differentiation of epidermal tissues. Matriptase is constitutively expressed in multiple other epithelia, suggesting a putative role of this membrane serine protease in general epithelial homeostasis. Here we generated mice with(More)
Recent advances in the mammalian genome projects have resulted in the identification of a surprisingly large number of genes encoding putative new members and even entire new families of proteolytic enzymes. In the past few years, one of these new families, type II transmembrane serine proteases (TTSPs), underwent a particularly rapid transformation from a(More)
Dysregulated proteolysis is a hallmark of cancer. Malignant cells require a range of proteolytic activities to enable growth, survival, and expansion. Serine proteases of the S1 or trypsin-like family have well recognized roles in the maintenance of normal homeostasis as well as in the pathology of diseases such as cancer. Recently a rapidly expanding(More)
Loss of either hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitor (HAI)-1 or -2 is associated with embryonic lethality in mice, which can be rescued by the simultaneous inactivation of the membrane-anchored serine protease, matriptase, thereby demonstrating that a matriptase-dependent proteolytic pathway is a critical developmental target for both protease(More)
Hypomorphic mutations in the human SPINT2 gene cause a broad spectrum of abnormalities in organogenesis, including organ and digit duplications, atresia, fistulas, hypertelorism, cleft palate and hamartoma. SPINT2 encodes the transmembrane serine protease inhibitor HAI2 (placental bikunin), and the severe developmental effects of decreased HAI2 activity can(More)
Overexpression of the type II transmembrane serine protease matriptase is a highly consistent feature of human epithelial tumors. Here we show that matriptase possesses a strong oncogenic potential when unopposed by its endogenous inhibitor, HAI-1. Modest orthotopic overexpression of matriptase in the skin of transgenic mice caused spontaneous squamous cell(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitors (HAI)-1 and -2 are recently identified and closely related Kunitz-type transmembrane serine protease inhibitors. Whereas HAI-1 is well established as an inhibitor of the serine proteases matriptase and hepatocyte growth factor activator, the physiological targets of HAI-2 are unknown. Here we show that HAI-2(More)