Roman Sankowski

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Activation of microglia, the resident macrophages of the brain, around the amyloid plaques is a key hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recent evidence in mouse models indicates that microglia are required for the neurodegenerative process of AD. Amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides, the core components of the amyloid plaques, can trigger microglial activation by(More)
The nervous and immune systems have evolved in parallel from the early bilaterians, in which innate immunity and a central nervous system (CNS) coexisted for the first time, to jawed vertebrates and the appearance of adaptive immunity. The CNS feeds from, and integrates efferent signals in response to, somatic and autonomic sensory information. The CNS(More)
Alzheimer’s disease remains incurable, and the failures of current disease-modifying strategies for Alzheimer’s disease could be attributed to a lack of in vivo models that recapitulate the underlying etiology of late-onset Alzheimer’s disease. The etiology of late-onset Alzheimer’s disease is not based on mutations related to amyloid-β (Aβ) or tau(More)
Obesity is one of the major risk factors of vascular diseases, and its prevalence is increasing worldwide. In the past decade, progress has been made in the understanding of genetic determinants of obesity and obesity-associated diseases. Genome-wide association studies identified a number of genetic variants associated with obesity. In addition to common(More)
OBJECTIVE Depressive disorders pose a major challenge to healthcare in the countries of the former Soviet Union. The objective of the current study was to evaluate health-related quality of life (HrQoL) and its determinants in outpatients with major depressive disorder in an urban Russian population. METHODS We consecutively recruited 100 urban Russian(More)
BACKGROUND Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with neurodegeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. Neuroinflammatory processes have been shown to be a key component of this neurodegeneration and, as such, small molecule compounds which inhibit these inflammatory events are a critical research focus. OBJECTIVE CNI-1493 is an(More)
After several decades of Alzheimer's disease (AD) research and failed clinical trials, one can speculate that targeting a single pathway is not sufficient. However, a cocktail of novel therapeutics will constitute a challenging clinical trial. A more plausible approach will capitalize on a drug that has relevant and synergistic multiple-target effects in(More)
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