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We discuss measurements of the properties of ∼10,000 asteroids detected in 500 deg 2 of sky in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) commissioning data. The moving objects are detected in the magnitude range 14 < r * < 21.5, with a baseline of ∼5 minutes, resulting in typical velocity errors of ∼3%. Extensive tests show that the sample is at least 98%(More)
The Sloan Digital Sky Survey has validated and made publicly available its First Data Release. This consists of 2099 square degrees of five-band (u g r i z) imaging data, 186,240 spectra of galaxies, quasars, stars and calibrating blank sky patches selected over 1360 square degrees of this area, and tables of measured parameters from these data. The imaging(More)
Directly detecting thermal emission from young extrasolar planets allows measurement of their atmospheric compositions and luminosities, which are influenced by their formation mechanisms. Using the Gemini Planet Imager, we discovered a planet orbiting the ~20-million-year-old star 51 Eridani at a projected separation of 13 astronomical units. Near-infrared(More)
The process of gap formation by a growing planetary embryo embedded in a planetes-imal disk is considered. It is shown that there exists a single parameter characterizing this process, which represents the competition between the gravitational influence of the embryo and planetesimal-planetesimal scattering. For realistic assumptions about the properties of(More)