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It is well recognized that base sequence exerts a significant influence on the properties of DNA and plays a significant role in protein-DNA interactions vital for cellular processes. Understanding and predicting base sequence effects requires an extensive structural and dynamic dataset which is currently unavailable from experiment. A consortium of(More)
Definition of the unfolded state of proteins is essential for understanding their stability and folding on biological timescales. Here, we find that under near physiological conditions the configurational ensemble of the unfolded state of the simplest protein structure, polyalanine alpha-helix, cannot be described by the commonly used Flory random coil(More)
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations including water and counterions on B-DNA oligomers containing all 136 unique tetranucleotide basepair steps are reported. The objective is to obtain the calculated dynamical structure for at least two copies of each case, use the results to examine issues with regard to convergence and dynamical stability of MD on DNA,(More)
We describe herein a computationally intensive project aimed at carrying out molecular dynamics (MD) simulations including water and counterions on B-DNA oligomers containing all 136 unique tetranucleotide base sequences. This initiative was undertaken by an international collaborative effort involving nine research groups, the "Ascona B-DNA Consortium"(More)
Conformational properties of a UV-damaged DNA decamer containing a cis.syn cyclobutane thymine dimer (PD) have been investigated by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Results from MD simulations of the damaged decamer DNA show a kink of approximately 21.7 degrees at the PD damaged site and a disruption of H bonding between the 5'-thymine of the PD and its(More)
We present the results of microsecond molecular dynamics simulations carried out by the ABC group of laboratories on a set of B-DNA oligomers containing the 136 distinct tetranucleotide base sequences. We demonstrate that the resulting trajectories have extensively sampled the conformational space accessible to B-DNA at room temperature. We confirm that(More)
In RNA interference, a guide strand derived from a short dsRNA such as a microRNA (miRNA) is loaded into Argonaute, the central protein in the RNA Induced Silencing Complex (RISC) that silences messenger RNAs on a sequence-specific basis. The positions of any mismatched base pairs in an miRNA determine which Argonaute subtype is used. Subsequently, the(More)
Calculation of the free energy of protein folding and delineation of its pre-organization are of foremost importance for understanding, predicting and designing biological macromolecules. Here, we introduce an energy smoothing variant of parallel tempering replica exchange Monte Carlo (REMS) that allows for efficient configurational sampling of flexible(More)
A primary hydration shell (PHS) approach is developed for Monte Carlo simulations of conformationally rich macromolecular systems in an environment that efficiently captures principal solvation effects. It has been previously demonstrated that molecular dynamics using PHS is an efficient method to study peptide structure and dynamics in aqueous solution.(More)
A unified model of simulated annealing with locally enhanced sampling (LES) in a primary hydration shell (PHS) aqueous environment is developed and tested by predicting the structure of the tripeptide thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) in solution. The model extends the formulation of the restraining force in the PHS method as a function of temperature,(More)