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The calcitonin family of peptides comprises calcitonin, amylin, two calcitonin gene-related peptides (CGRPs), and adrenomedullin. The first calcitonin receptor was cloned in 1991. Its pharmacology is complicated by the existence of several splice variants. The receptors for the other members the family are made up of subunits. The calcitonin-like receptor(More)
Human receptor activity modifying proteins (RAMP) regulate the ligand specificity of the calcitonin-receptor-like-receptor (McLatchie et al., Nature 393:333-339 (1998)). Here we have investigated binding of [125I]-labeled human (h) calcitonin ([125I]hCT) and rat amylin ([125I]amylin) to rabbit aortic endothelial cells (RAEC) co-transfected with the hCT(More)
Adrenomedullin (ADM) and alpha- and beta-calcitonin (CT) gene-related peptide (alpha-, betaCGRP) are structurally related vasodilatory peptides with homology to CT and amylin. An originally orphan human CT receptor-like receptor (hCRLR) is a Gs protein-coupled CGRP or ADM receptor when coexpressed with recently identified human single transmembrane domain(More)
Receptor-activity-modifying proteins (RAMPs) with single transmembrane domains define the function of two G-protein-coupled receptors of the B family. Cell-surface complexes of human RAMP1 (hRAMP1) and human calcitonin (CT) receptor isotype 2 (hCTR2) or rat CT-receptor-like receptor (rCRLR) have now been identified through protein cross-linking,(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) was found to stimulate renin secretion in vivo in normal human volunteers. Moreover, CGRP stimulated the release of renin in vitro from isolated rat renal juxtaglomerular cells (half-maximal effective concentration [EC50] 100 nM) concomitant with stimulation of cAMP production (EC50 60 nM). Immunoreactive CGRP was(More)
The calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CLR) requires the associated receptor activity-modifying protein (RAMP)1 to reveal a calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor. Here, the subdomain of the CLR that associates with RAMP1 has been identified in chimeras between the CLR and the parathyroid hormone (PTH) receptor 1 (PTHR). The PTHR alone does not(More)
The hormone calcitonin (CT) of thyroid C-cell origin, the neuropeptides alpha- and beta-calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), the widely expressed hormone and tissue factor adrenomedullin (AM), and amylin (AMY) that is co-produced with insulin in pancreatic beta-cells, are structurally related peptides. They have in common six or seven amino acid ring(More)
PURPOSE A cause for the resistance to intranasal salmon calcitonin (sCT) therapy in patients with Paget's disease is the occurrence of neutralizing antibodies to sCT. As a result, a new formulation of intranasal human calcitonin (hCT) was developed, and the efficacy investigated in patients treated earlier with sCT. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twelve patients(More)
Nineteen patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis were treated with 200 u (15 nmol) synthetic salmon calcitonin (sCT) intranasally per day for 15 months. Six months after the start of the nasal administration of sCT, antibodies were recognized in 7, and after 15 months in 10 of the 19 patients studied. The half-maximal dilution of serum binding to 60(More)
Inhibition of human [125I]calcitonin gene-related peptide-I ([125I]hCGRP-I) binding by human adrenomedullin (hADM), its N-terminal truncated fragments, CGRP and amylin, and cyclic AMP accumulation were examined in the human neuroblastoma cell line SK-N-MC. Binding of [125I]hCGRP-I (125 pM) was inhibited by hCGRP-I, hADM(1-52), hADM(13-52), and human amylin(More)