Roman Muff

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The hormone calcitonin (CT) of thyroid C-cell origin, the neuropeptides alpha- and beta-calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), the widely expressed hormone and tissue factor adrenomedullin (AM), and amylin (AMY) that is co-produced with insulin in pancreatic beta-cells, are structurally related peptides. They have in common six or seven amino acid ring(More)
Cloning and functional expression of a cDNA from the human cerebellum revealed a parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTH/PTHrP) receptor protein of 593 amino acids, identical in sequence to the PTH/PTHrP receptor of the human kidney and an osteoblast-like cell line (Schipani et al., Endocrinology, 132 (1993) 2157-2165). Expression of(More)
Adrenomedullin (ADM) and alpha- and beta-calcitonin (CT) gene-related peptide (alpha-, betaCGRP) are structurally related vasodilatory peptides with homology to CT and amylin. An originally orphan human CT receptor-like receptor (hCRLR) is a Gs protein-coupled CGRP or ADM receptor when coexpressed with recently identified human single transmembrane domain(More)
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) and PTH-related protein interact with a G protein-coupled receptor linked to the activation of adenylyl cyclase and phospholipase C signaling pathways. Regulation by PTH of the expression of three distinct, stably transfected luciferase reporter genes responsive to cAMP (CRE-luc), serum (SRE-luc) and phorbol ester (TRE-luc) has(More)
More effective treatment of metastasizing osteosarcoma with a current mean 5-year survival rate of less than 20% requires more detailed knowledge on mechanisms and key regulatory molecules of the complex metastatic process. CXCR4, the receptor of the chemokine CXCL12, has been reported to promote tumor progression and metastasis in osteosarcoma. CXCR7 is a(More)
Inhibition of human [125I]calcitonin gene-related peptide-I ([125I]hCGRP-I) binding by human adrenomedullin (hADM), its N-terminal truncated fragments, CGRP and amylin, and cyclic AMP accumulation were examined in the human neuroblastoma cell line SK-N-MC. Binding of [125I]hCGRP-I (125 pM) was inhibited by hCGRP-I, hADM(1-52), hADM(13-52), and human amylin(More)
Osteosarcoma (OS) is a rare bone neoplasm that affects mainly adolescents. It is associated with poor prognosis in case of metastases formation. The search for metastasis predicting markers is therefore imperative to optimize treatment strategies for patients at risk and important for the search of new drugs for the treatment of this devastating disease.(More)
Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most frequent primary malignant bone cancer in children and adolescents with a high propensity for lung metastasis. Therefore, it is of great importance to identify molecular markers leading to increased metastatic potential in order to devise more effective therapeutic strategies that suppress metastasis, the major cause of death(More)
The effect of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) on proliferation was examined in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells transfected with a PTH/PTHrP receptor encoding cDNA. Treatment with chicken PTHrP(1-36) (chPTHrP) lowered the cell number to 49 +/- 2% of untreated controls after 6 days with a half-maximal effect at 1 nM. The effect was mimicked by(More)
Adrenomedullin (AM), alpha- and beta-calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), amylin and calcitonin (CT) are structurally and functionally related peptides. The structure of a receptor for CT (CTR) was elucidated in 1991 through molecular cloning, but the structures of the receptors for the other three peptides had yet to be elucidated. The discovery of(More)