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The calcitonin family of peptides comprises calcitonin, amylin, two calcitonin gene-related peptides (CGRPs), and adrenomedullin. The first calcitonin receptor was cloned in 1991. Its pharmacology is complicated by the existence of several splice variants. The receptors for the other members the family are made up of subunits. The calcitonin-like receptor(More)
Human receptor activity modifying proteins (RAMP) regulate the ligand specificity of the calcitonin-receptor-like-receptor (McLatchie et al., Nature 393:333-339 (1998)). Here we have investigated binding of [125I]-labeled human (h) calcitonin ([125I]hCT) and rat amylin ([125I]amylin) to rabbit aortic endothelial cells (RAEC) co-transfected with the hCT(More)
Receptor-activity-modifying proteins (RAMPs) with single transmembrane domains define the function of two G-protein-coupled receptors of the B family. Cell-surface complexes of human RAMP1 (hRAMP1) and human calcitonin (CT) receptor isotype 2 (hCTR2) or rat CT-receptor-like receptor (rCRLR) have now been identified through protein cross-linking,(More)
Three receptor-activity-modifying proteins (RAMP) define specific interactions between calcitonin (CT) gene-related peptide (CGRP), adrenomedullin (AM) and amylin, and a CT receptor or a CT receptor-like receptor (CRLR). Both form heterodimeric RAMP/receptor complexes at the cell surface. This association represents a novel principle of G protein-coupled(More)
The calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CLR) requires the associated receptor activity-modifying protein (RAMP)1 to reveal a calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor. Here, the subdomain of the CLR that associates with RAMP1 has been identified in chimeras between the CLR and the parathyroid hormone (PTH) receptor 1 (PTHR). The PTHR alone does not(More)
Adrenomedullin (ADM) and alpha- and beta-calcitonin (CT) gene-related peptide (alpha-, betaCGRP) are structurally related vasodilatory peptides with homology to CT and amylin. An originally orphan human CT receptor-like receptor (hCRLR) is a Gs protein-coupled CGRP or ADM receptor when coexpressed with recently identified human single transmembrane domain(More)
Formation of metastases in the lungs is the major cause of death in patients suffering from osteosarcoma (OS). Metastases at presentation and poor response to preoperative chemotherapy are strong predictors for poor patient outcome. The elucidation of molecular markers that promote metastasis formation and/or chemoresistance is therefore of importance. CD44(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) was found to stimulate renin secretion in vivo in normal human volunteers. Moreover, CGRP stimulated the release of renin in vitro from isolated rat renal juxtaglomerular cells (half-maximal effective concentration [EC50] 100 nM) concomitant with stimulation of cAMP production (EC50 60 nM). Immunoreactive CGRP was(More)
Specific binding sites for calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) were demonstrated in the rat heart and spleen. Autoradiography revealed rat [125I]iodo CGRP binding associated with the intima and media of the aorta, the coronary arteries and the heart valves, and the red pulp of the spleen. Half-maximal inhibition of rat [125I]iodo-CGRP binding to(More)
Calcitonin, calcitonin gene-related peptide, adrenomedullin and amylin are structurally related peptides with N-terminal 6-7 amino acid ring structures linked by a disulfide bridge and with amidated C-termini. Among the related bioactive peptides, the structures of the calcitonin receptor and subtypes thereof have been identified so far through molecular(More)