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The calcitonin family of peptides comprises calcitonin, amylin, two calcitonin gene-related peptides (CGRPs), and adrenomedullin. The first calcitonin receptor was cloned in 1991. Its pharmacology is complicated by the existence of several splice variants. The receptors for the other members the family are made up of subunits. The calcitonin-like receptor(More)
Inhibition of human [125I]calcitonin gene-related peptide-I ([125I]hCGRP-I) binding by human adrenomedullin (hADM), its N-terminal truncated fragments, CGRP and amylin, and cyclic AMP accumulation were examined in the human neuroblastoma cell line SK-N-MC. Binding of [125I]hCGRP-I (125 pM) was inhibited by hCGRP-I, hADM(1-52), hADM(13-52), and human amylin(More)
Adrenomedullin (ADM) and alpha- and beta-calcitonin (CT) gene-related peptide (alpha-, betaCGRP) are structurally related vasodilatory peptides with homology to CT and amylin. An originally orphan human CT receptor-like receptor (hCRLR) is a Gs protein-coupled CGRP or ADM receptor when coexpressed with recently identified human single transmembrane domain(More)
Rat calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP alpha; EC50, 1 nM) was shown to stimulate cAMP formation in cultured rat renal mesangial cells. CGRP concentration dependently (EC50, 1 nM) also inhibited contraction of mesangial cells by angiotensin II (10 nM). Angiotensin II (10 nM) caused a transient increase of the intracellular calcium concentration from 140(More)
The hormone calcitonin (CT) of thyroid C-cell origin, the neuropeptides alpha- and beta-calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), the widely expressed hormone and tissue factor adrenomedullin (AM), and amylin (AMY) that is co-produced with insulin in pancreatic beta-cells, are structurally related peptides. They have in common six or seven amino acid ring(More)
Adrenomedullin (ADM) is a hypotensive peptide with structural homology, including a ring structure linked by a disulfide bridge, to calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), calcitonin and amylin. ADM is predominantly synthesized in the adrenal medulla, but immunoreactive ADM has also been detected in the human brain. Here we have characterized ADM binding(More)
Cloning and functional expression of a cDNA from the human cerebellum revealed a parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTH/PTHrP) receptor protein of 593 amino acids, identical in sequence to the PTH/PTHrP receptor of the human kidney and an osteoblast-like cell line (Schipani et al., Endocrinology, 132 (1993) 2157-2165). Expression of(More)
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) and PTH-related protein interact with a G protein-coupled receptor linked to the activation of adenylyl cyclase and phospholipase C signaling pathways. Regulation by PTH of the expression of three distinct, stably transfected luciferase reporter genes responsive to cAMP (CRE-luc), serum (SRE-luc) and phorbol ester (TRE-luc) has(More)
Adrenomedullin (AM), alpha- and beta-calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), amylin and calcitonin (CT) are structurally and functionally related peptides. The structure of a receptor for CT (CTR) was elucidated in 1991 through molecular cloning, but the structures of the receptors for the other three peptides had yet to be elucidated. The discovery of(More)
More effective treatment of metastasizing osteosarcoma with a current mean 5-year survival rate of less than 20% requires more detailed knowledge on mechanisms and key regulatory molecules of the complex metastatic process. CXCR4, the receptor of the chemokine CXCL12, has been reported to promote tumor progression and metastasis in osteosarcoma. CXCR7 is a(More)