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Carbocyanines (DiI, DiA, DiO) are able to travel along membranes by diffusion and therefore have been used as postmortem neuronal tracers in aldehyde-fixed tissues. Surprisingly, detailed data on the influence of different parameters on tracing distances are still missing. This study was carried out to optimize tracing procedures and to reveal the validity(More)
PURPOSE To analyze palisade endings and their end organs, the so-called innervated myotendinous cylinders (IMCs), of human extraocular muscle (EOM) in more detail and to clarify with the help of double-fluorescent labeling and electron microscopy whether terminals in IMCs are sensory, serving proprioception. METHODS EOMs obtained from a donated cadaver(More)
PURPOSE To classify muscle fibers of human extraocular muscle (hEOM) and to compare them to previous studies on hEOM, as well as to nonhuman EOM classification schemes and skeletal muscle fiber types. METHODS Muscle fibers cut in different muscle planes were followed on consecutive cross sections and typed with regard to their oxidative profile in(More)
The central course and the projections of the first and the second cervical dorsal root ganglia and of suboccipital muscle primary afferent fibers in the guinea pig were studied by means of anterograde transport of wheat germ agglutinin conjugated to horseradish peroxidase (WGA/HRP) or aqueous solution of horseradish peroxidase (HRP). Injections of WGA/HRP(More)
Innervated myotendinous cylinders (IMCs) were for the first time described in a sheep extraocular muscle (EOMs). They were found at the distal myotendinous junction of a medial rectus and were investigated by light and transmission electron microscopy. The IMCs are enveloped by a multi-layered capsule of fibrocytes and each contains the terminal portion of(More)
The topographical relations of the human maxillary artery (IM) in the infratemporal fossa were studied in 102 individuals of both sexes. In the majority of the cases (55.4%), the artery was found in a lateral position to the lower head of the lateral pterygoid muscle (LPTER). In most of these specimens, the IM ran also lateral to the inferior alveolar,(More)
Introduction. (11)C-choline-PET/CT is a promising technique for detection/restaging of patients with biochemical failure (BF) after curative therapy for prostate cancer (PCA). The aim of this paper was to evaluate the PSA response in patients with BF after radical prostatectomy (RP) who underwent secondary lymphadenectomy (LAD) due to (11)C-choline-PET/CT(More)
BACKGROUND Comorbidity and performance indices allow assessment of preoperative health status. However, the optimal tool for use in patients with urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) who are undergoing radical cystectomy (RC) has not yet been established. OBJECTIVE To evaluate correlation of Adult Comorbidity Evaluation-27 (ACE27), Charlson(More)
Radical cystectomy (RC) can be associated with significant blood loss, whereas many patients are presenting with anemia preoperatively. To date, there is a lack of data addressing the impact of preoperative anemia (PA) on survival of patients undergoing RC for urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB). This retrospective multicenter study includes 684(More)
BACKGROUND This study was performed to reinvestigate the detailed anatomy of the connective tissues related to the levator palpebrae superioris (LPS). MATERIALS AND METHODS One hundred and twenty human orbits were prepared macroscopically or with the help of an operational microscope. Connective tissues related to the LPS were measured, removed, and(More)