Roman Matyášek

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We investigated concerted evolution of rRNA genes in multiple populations of Tragopogon mirus and T. miscellus, two allotetraploids that formed recurrently within the last 80 years following the introduction of three diploids (T. dubius, T. pratensis, and T. porrifolius) from Europe to North America. Using the earliest herbarium specimens of the(More)
Phylogenetic schemes based on changing DNA sequence have made a major impact on our understanding of evolutionary relationships and significantly built on knowledge gained by morphological and anatomical studies. Here we present another approach to phylogeny, using fluorescent in situ hybridisation. The phylogenetic scheme presented is likely to be robust(More)
We examined the structure, intranuclear distribution and activity of ribosomal DNA (rDNA) in Nico-tiana sylvestris (2n=2x=24) and N. tomentosiformis (2n=2x=24) and compared these with patterns in N. tabacum (tobacco, 2n=4x=48). We also examined a long-established N. tabacum culture, TBY-2. Nicotiana tabacum is an allotetraploid thought to be derived from(More)
Analyses of selected bacterial artificial chromosomes (BACs) clones suggest that the retrotransposon component of angiosperm genomes can be amplified or deleted, leading to genome turnover. Here, Nicotiana allopolyploids were used to characterize the nature of sequence turnover across the whole genome in allopolyploids known to be of different ages. Using(More)
Changes in telomere lengths and telomerase activity in tobacco cells were studied during dedifferentiation and differentiation; leaf tissues were used to initiate callus cultures, which were then induced to regenerate plants. While no significant changes in the range of telomere lengths were observed in response to dedifferentiation and differentiation,(More)
An approximately 135-bp sequence called the A1/A2 repeat was isolated from the transcribed region of the 26-18S rDNA intergenic spacer (IGS) of Nicotiana tomentosiformis. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and Southern blot analysis revealed its occurrence as an independent satellite (termed an A1/A2 satellite) outside of rDNA loci in species of(More)
Nicotiana tabacum (tobacco, 2n = 4x = 48) is a natural allotetraploid combining two ancestral genomes closely related to modern Nicotiana sylvestris and Nicotiana tomentosiformis. Here we examine the immediate consequences of allopolyploidy on genome evolution using 20 S4-generation plants derived from a single synthetic, S0 plant made by Burk in 1973(More)
HRS60.1, a monomer unit (184 bp) of a highly repeated nuclear DNA sequence of Nicotiana tabacum, has been cloned and sequenced. Following BamHI digestion of tobacco DNA, Southern hybridization with HRS60.1 revealed a ladder of hybridization bands corresponding to multiples of the basic monomer unit. If the tobacco DNA was digested with restriction(More)
BACKGROUND Polyploidy, frequently termed "whole genome duplication", is a major force in the evolution of many eukaryotes. Indeed, most angiosperm species have undergone at least one round of polyploidy in their evolutionary history. Despite enormous progress in our understanding of many aspects of polyploidy, we essentially have no information about the(More)
Nicotiana tabacum (tobacco) is an allotetraploid derived from ancestors of the modern diploids, N. sylvestris and N. tomentosiformis. We identified and characterized two distinct families of 5S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) in N. tabacum; one family had an average 431 bp unit length and the other a 646 bp unit length. In the diploid species, N. sylvestris and N.(More)