Roman Liebe

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Distinguishing between acute on chronic liver failure (ACLF) and decompensated liver cirrhosis is difficult due to a lack of pathological evidence. METHODS A prospective single-center study investigated 174 patients undergoing liver transplantation due to acute decompensation of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated liver cirrhosis. Two(More)
The progression of liver fibrosis in response to chronic injury varies considerably among individual patients. The underlying genetics is highly complex due to large numbers of potential genes, environmental factors and cell types involved. Here, we provide the first toxicogenomic analysis of liver fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride in the murine(More)
Quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping is a powerful method to find modifier loci that influence disease risk and progression without prior knowledge of underlying genetic mechanisms. The aim of this study is to identify gene loci that contribute to individual differences in liver fibrosis following chronic liver damage. For this purpose, we carried out a(More)
Massive hepatic necrosis is a key event underlying acute liver failure, a serious clinical syndrome with high mortality. Massive hepatic necrosis in acute liver failure has unique pathophysiological characteristics including extremely rapid parenchymal cell death and removal. On the other hand, massive necrosis rapidly induces the activation of liver(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The amelioration of refractory cholestatic pruritus after plasmapheresis has been reported in single patients. Here, we analyse the efficacy of plasmapheresis in a cohort of patients with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). METHODS Seventeen consecutive patients with PBC (age range 39-85 years, 16 females, 9 with cirrhosis) and refractory(More)
Disrupting Notch signaling ameliorates experimental liver fibrosis. However, the role of individual Notch ligands in liver damage is unknown. We investigated the effects of Delta-like ligand 4 (Dll4) in liver disease. DLL4 expression was measured in 31 human liver tissues by immunohistochemistry. Dll4 function was examined in carbon tetrachloride- and bile(More)
Introduction. The common adiponutrin (PNPLA3) variant p.Ile148Met is associated with liver injury. Here, we investigate the association of this polymorphism with hepatic and metabolic traits in a pediatric cohort. Patients and Methods. The study cohort comprised 142 German children (age 5-9 years, 98 overweight, 19 children with NAFLD). Results. Overweight(More)
An N-terminal, iodinatable photoaffinity derivative of mu-Conotoxin GIIIA, 4-Azido-salicylyl-mu-Conotoxin GIIIA (CTXASA), was synthesized by solid phase peptide synthesis. The binding of 125I-CTXASA to the voltage dependent sodium channel from electroplax of Electrophorus electricus was specific, as demonstrated by saturation binding experiments. Using(More)
Primary hepatocytes are a versatile tool to investigate all aspects of liver function, and frequently used in drug development and testing. Upon TGF-β challenge, hepatocytes either undergo an epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) or apoptosis: culture on stiff collagen (monolayer) results in EMT whereas hepatocytes in a soft collagen matrix (sandwich)(More)
Gut-derived bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS) stimulate the secretion of tumour necrosis factor (TNF) from liver macrophages (MCs), liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) and hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), which control the acute phase response in hepatocytes through activation of the NF-κB pathway. The individual and cooperative impact of(More)