Roman Kula

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In many addictive drugs including alcohol and nicotine, proarrhythmic effects were reported. This review provides an overview of the current knowledge in this field (with a focus on the inward rectifier potassium currents) to promote the lacking data and appeal for their completion, thus, to improve understanding of the proarrhythmic potential of addictive(More)
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is defined as pneumonia occurring in a patient after intubation with an endotracheal tube or tracheostomy tube lasting for 48 hours or more. It is also one of the most common and fatal infections of patients in ICUs. The diagnostic process in VAP is still underestimated and precise criteria for diagnosis are(More)
Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is defined as a sustained increase of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) above 20 mmHg followed by the development of organ dysfunction. Treatment of ACS is still a question to be discussed and surgical decompression is usually preferred. According to recent data, massive crystalloid resuscitation of shock plays a key role(More)
Therapy of haemorrhagic shock presents a huge challenge nowadays. Changes in circulation and metabolism are preceded with changes in cells, vessels and extracellular fluid. The main disorder takes place in microcirculation. Monitoring of extracellular fluid is possible with microdialysis. This method was verified on animal models and a became base of many(More)
BACKGROUND Severe sepsis/septic shock is associated with high mortality. In Central Europe, there is a dearth of information on the prevalence and treatment of severe sepsis. The EPOSS (Data-based Evaluation and Prediction of Outcome in Severe Sepsis) project launched in 2011 was aimed at collecting data on patients with severe sepsis/septic shock. (More)
During the pandemy caused by novel influenza A virus (subgroup H1N1), a significant number of patients became critically ill from respiratory failure. In the most severe cases of primary pneumonia, patients develop refractory hypoxemic acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) with typical computed tomographic findings of multi-lobar alveolar opacities and(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of different approaches to fluid management during intraoperative volume resuscitation in patients undergoing major elective surgery is poorly defined. We compared volume effectiveness of crystalloid and colloid substitution aimed to maintain the cardiac index (CI) between 2.6 and 3.8 l/min/m(2) as measured by transesophageal Doppler(More)
INTRODUCTION Severe sepsis is still associated with significant morbidity and mortality, which is however different, as well as its management, depending on the region. What is the situation in the Czech Republic and what is the character of patients with severe sepsis is currently not known. The aim of the project is to describe the processes of care,(More)