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Using a microplate-based screening assay, the effects on Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 biofilm formation of several S-substituted cysteine sulfoxides and their corresponding disulfide derivatives were evaluated. From our library of compounds, S-phenyl-L-cysteine sulfoxide and its breakdown product, diphenyl disulfide, significantly reduced the amount of(More)
A new GC method for determination of S-alk(en)ylcysteine sulfoxides, important secondary metabolites occurring in many plant genera, has been developed. The method is based on isolation of the amino acid fraction by ion-exchange chromatography followed by derivatization with ethyl chloroformate at ambient temperature and reduction of derivatized(More)
The content of S-alk(en)ylcysteine sulfoxides, important nonvolatile flavor precursors, was determined in 15 different Allium species by means of gas chromatography. The method employed is based on derivatization of S-alk(en)ylcysteine sulfoxides with ethyl chloroformate followed by their reduction with sodium iodide. The total content of(More)
A total of 18 organosulfur compounds originating from Petiveria alliacea L. roots have been tested for their antibacterial and antifungal activities. These represent compounds occurring in fresh homogenates as well as those present in various macerates, extracts and other preparations made from Petiveria alliacea. Of the compounds assayed, the(More)
Three cysteine derivatives, (R)-S-(2-hydroxyethyl)cysteine, together with (R(S)R(C))- and (S(S)R(C))-S-(2-hydroxyethyl)cysteine sulfoxides, have been isolated from the roots of Petiveria alliacea. Furthermore, three additional amino acids, S-methyl-, S-ethyl-, and S-propylcysteine derivatives, were detected. They were present only in trace amounts (<3(More)
The lachrymatory principle of Petiveria alliacea has been isolated from a fresh homogenate of the root. Its structure and geometric configuration have been determined as (Z)-thiobenzaldehyde S-oxide by means of NMR, IR, MALDI-MS and by comparison with an authentic compound obtained by synthesis. This unique compound represents only the third naturally(More)
Identification and isolation of (R(S)R(C))-S-(methylthiomethyl)cysteine-4-oxide from rhizomes of Tulbaghia violacea Harv. is reported. The structure and absolute configuration of the amino acid have been determined by NMR, MALDI-HRMS, IR, and CD spectroscopy. Its content varied in different parts of the plant (rhizomes, leaves, and stems) between 0.12 and(More)
A novel HPLC method for determination of a wide variety of S-substituted cysteine derivatives in Allium species has been developed and validated. This method allows simultaneous separation and quantification of S-alk(en)ylcysteine S-oxides, gamma-glutamyl-S-alk(en)ylcysteines and gamma-glutamyl-S-alk(en)ylcysteine S-oxides in a single run. The procedure is(More)
The development of the 1311 Disk Storage Drive began with the realization that although systems were available to meet the data processing requirements of many businesses, these systems were too big for small industries and businesses. Files which had been announced or were in development up to this time had large capacities with fast data handling(More)