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  • William Krüger, Cordula Krzizanowski, +6 authors Axel R. Zander
  • 1996
A two-step reverse-transcriptase-based polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with nested primer pairs was developed to amplify sensitive and specific cytokeratin-19 (CK-19) mRNA sequences from human breast cancer cells. No CK-19 pseudogene interference was seen. The larger DNA-derived amplification products could be clearly discriminated from mRNA-derived(More)
The classic molecular biology methods like Northern or Southern blot analyse non-amplified DNA or RNA, but need large amounts of nucleic acids, in many instances from tissues or cells that are heterogeneous. In contrast, polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based techniques allow us to obtain genetic information through the specific amplification of nucleic acid(More)
Several reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (rtPCR) assays have been designed for the detection of disseminated cancer cells. The specificity of these discussed molecular approaches is controversial. Biological interference of the cytokeratin-20 and mammaglobin rtPCR assays has been investigated. Cell lines of different lineages and bone marrow(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rhGM-CSF) on immunoparalysis as defined by a sustained decrease of HLA-DR expression on monocytes in patients with severe sepsis. DESIGN Prospective, non-randomised observational study. SETTING Two anaesthesiological intensive care units of a(More)
Monoclonal B-cell lymphocytosis (MBL) and monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) result from clonal expansions of mature B or plasma cells. Here, we set out to determine the immunophenotypic/monoclonal immunoglobulin (M protein) features and co-prevalence of MBL and MGUS in a hospital-based cohort of 1909 non-hematooncological patients.(More)
The sensitive and specific detection of micrometastasis holds great promise for earlier staging of cancer patients. By amplification of tissue-specific gene expression, the reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (rtPCR) readily detects single tumour cells in different tissues. An increasing number of rtPCR assays with possible relevance for routine(More)
OBJECTIVE The diagnosis of GH deficiency in adults should be made using provocative testing of GH secretion. The insulin tolerance test (ITT) is recommended as the gold standard investigation. Because of the risk of serious complications, patients with epilepsy or known ischemic heart disease should not undergo this test. GHRP-6 is a synthetic hexapeptide(More)
An activation of the immune system might contribute to the therapeutic effect of whole body hyperthermia (WBH) in cancer patients. We explored immune and endocrine responses in patients undergoing high-temperature WBH. Identical parameters were investigated in a separate group of healthy volunteers undergoing physical exercise to rule out effects of(More)
The reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) amplification of cytokeratin 20 (CK20) mRNA is considered a promising candidate method for the detection of circulating tumour cells in bone marrow and peripheral blood of cancer patients. In this study we have investigated the diagnostic specificity of the CK20 mRNA detection in samples from(More)
BACKGROUND Pneumatic tube systems (PTSs) for the transport of blood samples are regaining popularity in medical centers after earlier reports that their use could introduce preanalytical distortions such as hemolysis and changes in blood gases. METHODS We drew duplicate blood samples from 30 volunteers. One sample was hand transported, and the other(More)