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(1) A non-invasive technique for stress assessment is needed. Therefore, an enzyme immunoassay (EIA) for measurement of glucocorticoid metabolites in chicken droppings was established and validated. (2) Radiolabelled corticosterone was administered intravenously to detect the time course of excreted metabolites. The metabolites were then characterised by(More)
The yolk of avian eggs contains steroid hormones, which may influence the development and behaviour of hatched birds. The aim of the present study was to investigate the concentration as well as the distribution of various gonadal steroids in the yolk spheres of quail eggs. Steroid concentrations of dissected yolk layers were analysed after alcoholic(More)
An in-situ hybridization (ISH) procedure was developed for the detection of Cryptosporidium sp. in paraffin wax-embedded tissues with a digoxigenin-labelled probe targeting the 18S rRNA. This technique was used in addition to traditional methods, such as haematoxylin and eosin staining, periodic acid-Schiff reaction, transmission electron microscopy and the(More)
Usutu virus (USUV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus of the Japanese encephalitis virus group, which has been associated with avian mortality in Austria since 2001. The affected birds are predominantly Eurasian blackbirds (Turdus merula). In the present study, the pathogenicity of USUV for domestic geese (Anser anser f. domestica) was investigated. Eleven(More)
Birds are discussed as models for prenatal stress. In this study, several experiments were conducted to gain basic knowledge of if, how, and when maternal adrenocortical activity is reflected by corticosterone concentrations in the egg. Radiolabeled corticosterone was administered to 10 laying hens to investigate the uptake into as well as the distribution(More)
In recent years polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays have become widely used as methods to confirm the presence of Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae in poultry flocks, but there has been limited standardization of the protocols used. Thirteen laboratories from five different countries participated in an interlaboratory comparison of(More)
Rising fuel prices, increasing costs associated with emissions of green house gases and the threat of global warming make efficient use of energy more and more important. Industrial clusters have the potential to significantly increase energy efficiency by energy collaboration. In this paper Sweden’s largest chemical cluster is analysed using the Total Site(More)
Declining fossil resources and the issue of climate change caused by anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases make global action towards a more sustainable society inevitable. The EU decided in 2007 that 20 % of the union´s energy use should origin from renewable resources by the year 2020. One way of achieving this goal is to increase the utilisation of(More)
In summer 2001, Usutu virus (USUV), a mosquito-borne flavivirus, was isolated for the first time in Europe during a mortality incident among Eurasian blackbirds (Turdus merula) in Austria. Chickens are frequently used as sentinel animals for arbovirus surveillance systems. In the present study, the pathogenicity of USUV for specific pathogen free chickens(More)
This paper presents study on the production of biofuels from algae cultivated in municipal wastewater in Gothenburg, Sweden. A possible biorefinery concept is studied based on two cases; Case A) combined biodiesel and biogas production, and Case B) only biogas production. The cases are compared in terms of product outputs and impact on global CO2 emissions(More)