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In animals, acetylcholine dilates normal arteries and produces vasoconstriction in the presence of hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, or atherosclerosis, reflecting endothelial cell dysfunction. In patients with angiographically smooth coronary arteries, acetylcholine has been reported to produce both vasodilation and constriction. To test the hypothesis(More)
Dilator reserve of the coronary microvasculature is diminished in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. Although increased extravascular compressive forces, tachycardia, and increased myocardial mass can explain some impairment, recent evidence suggests the possibility of intrinsic microvascular disease. We tested the hypothesis that impairment of(More)
In vascular smooth muscle, phorbol esters cause a slowly developing contraction and an associated transmembrane calcium flux, both of which are inhibited by dihydropyridine calcium channel antagonists. In the A7r5 cultured vascular cell line, we used the whole-cell voltage-clamp technique to identify voltage-dependent calcium conductances and investigate(More)
BACKGROUND Healthy arteries exhibit endothelium-dependent dilation in response to both local acetylcholine and increased blood flow. In humans, clinically overt coronary artery disease is characterized by loss of dilation to both acetylcholine and blood flow. The temporal relation, however, between functional abnormalities of the endothelium and the(More)
BACKGROUND Studies in patients undergoing cardiac catheterization have demonstrated that normal coronary arteries dilate and atherosclerotic arteries constrict in response to exercise and the cold pressor test, but the mechanisms are unknown. These vasomotor responses are mirrored by the vasomotor response to the endothelium-dependent agent acetylcholine.(More)
INTRODUCTION The mode of onset of malignant ventricular arrhythmias (ventricular tachycardia [VT] or ventricular fibrillation [VF]) has been well described in patients with organic heart disease and in patients with the long QT syndromes. Less is known about the mode of onset of VF in patients with out-of-hospital VF who have no evidence of organic heart(More)
The mechanical behavior of endovascular coronary stents influences their therapeutic efficacy. Through computational studies, researchers can analyze device performance and improve designs. We developed a 1-dimensional finite element method, net-based algorithm and used it to analyze the effects of radial loading and bending in commercially available(More)
We studied the vasomotion of epicardial coronary arteries during exercise and tested the hypotheses that abnormal vasoconstriction is related to the presence of atherosclerosis and may be related to endothelial dilator dysfunction. During cardiac catheterization quantitative coronary angiography was performed in 21 patients during supine bicycle exercise.(More)
Studies in animals have suggested that increases in blood flow result in dilation of large arteries by an endothelium-dependent mechanism. Atherosclerosis can impair endothelium-dependent vasodilation to vasoactive agents. The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not large coronary arteries in humans exhibit dilation with increases in blood(More)
INTRODUCTION We recently reported that administration of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) during sinus rhythm identifies dual AV nodal physiology (DAVNP) in 76% of patients with inducible sustained AV nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) at electrophysiologic (EP) study. In that report, however, the ATP test was considered positive for DAVNP only when the(More)