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In Eukarya and Archaea, translation initiation factor 2 (eIF2/aIF2), which contains three subunits (alpha, beta, and gamma), is pivotal for binding of charged initiator tRNA to the small ribosomal subunit. The crystal structure of the full-sized heterotrimeric aIF2 from Sulfolobus solfataricus in the nucleotide-free form has been determined at 2.8-A(More)
The cold-sensitive single-residue mutation of glycine 680 in the reactive thiol region of Dictyostelium discoideum myosin-2 or the corresponding conserved glycine in other myosin isoforms has been reported to interfere with motor function. Here we present the x-ray structures of myosin motor domain mutants G680A in the absence and presence of nucleotide as(More)
Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) establishes a lifelong latent infection and causes several malignancies in humans. Murine herpesvirus 68 (MHV-68) is a related γ2-herpesvirus frequently used as a model to study the biology of γ-herpesviruses in vivo. The KSHV latency-associated nuclear antigen (kLANA) and the MHV68 mLANA (orf73) protein are(More)
The crystal structure of ribosomal protein L1 from the archaeon Methanococcus thermolithotrophicus has been determined at 2.7 A resolution. The crystals belong to space group P2(1)2(1)2(1), with unit-cell parameters a = 67.0, b = 70.1, c = 106.3 A and two molecules per asymmetric unit. The structure was solved by the molecular-replacement method with AMoRe(More)
In contrast to the majority of tetrameric SSB proteins, the recently discovered SSB proteins from the Thermus/Deinoccus group form dimers. We solved the crystal structures of the SSB protein from Thermus aquaticus (TaqSSB) and a deletion mutant of the protein and show the structure of their ssDNA binding domains to be similar to the structure of tetrameric(More)
Here, we report that the natural compound pentachloropseudilin (PClP) acts as a reversible and allosteric inhibitor of myosin ATPase and motor activity. IC(50) values are in the range from 1 to 5 μm for mammalian class-1 myosins and greater than 90 μm for class-2 and class-5 myosins, and no inhibition was observed with class-6 and class-7 myosins. We show(More)
Due to their involvement in processes such as DNA replication, repair, and recombination, bacterial single-stranded DNA binding (SSB) proteins are essential for the survival of the bacterial cell. Whereas most bacterial SSB proteins form homotetramers in solution, dimeric SSB proteins were recently discovered in the Thermus/Deinococcus group. In this work(More)
Heterotrimeric a/eIF2alphabetagamma (archaeal homologue of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 with alpha, beta and gamma subunits) delivers charged initiator tRNA (tRNAi) to the small ribosomal subunit. In this work, we determined the structures of aIF2gamma from the archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus in the nucleotide-free and GDP-bound forms.(More)