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No vaccines are available for human use for any parasitic infections, including the helminthic disease schistosomiasis. Sm-p80, the large subunit of Schistosoma mansoni calpain, is a leading antigen candidate for a schistosomiasis vaccine. Prophylactic and antifecundity efficacies of Sm-p80 have been tested using a variety of vaccine approaches in both(More)
Based on data obtained using vaccine efficacy studies in mice, hamsters, and baboons, the credentials of Sm-p80 as a first tier vaccine candidate for schistosomiasis have been well established. Sm-p80-based vaccine formulation(s) have consistently exhibited potent prophylactic efficacy in reducing adult worm burden following cercarial challenge and induce(More)
The human immune system undergoes age-related changes that can lead to increased disease susceptibility. Using the baboon as a model for human immune system aging, we examined age-related changes in relative and absolute numbers of T cell subpopulations, cytomegalovirus (CMV) titer and markers of inflammation. In addition, the effect of gender, social(More)
A number of nonplatelet-specific cytokines that augment platelet recovery following chemo/radiotherapy have been described. The members of the interleukin 6 (IL-6) family have properties that influence the hematopoietic system beyond their modest thrombocytopoietic effects. Studies performed in a canine model with IL-6 have shown that this factor augments(More)
To date, no vaccine is available to prevent human schistosomiasis. We have targeted a protein of Schistosoma mansoni that plays an important role in the surface membrane renewal process, a mechanism widely believed to be utilized by the parasite as an immune evasion strategy. Sm-p80 antigen is a promising vaccine target because of its documented(More)
The prophylactic efficacy of a schistosome antigen (Sm-p80) was tested in a nonhuman primate model, the baboon. Using a total of 28 baboons, different vaccination strategies were used including recombinant Sm-p80 protein formulated in Toll-like receptor 7 and Toll-like receptor 9 agonists, and DNA priming followed by boosting with protein plus adjuvants.(More)
Previous reports have shown that interleukin-6 (IL-6) enhances the responsiveness of platelets to thrombin stimulation and has modest thrombocytopoietic effects in vivo. Thrombopoietin (TPO; mpl ligand) has been shown to have dramatic thrombocytopoietic effect in vivo, but little is known of its capacity to alter platelet function. In this study, a direct(More)
Induced antitumor immunity is a highly effective and long-term cure for cancer, particularly for metastatic tumors. Laser immunotherapy was developed to induce such an immunologic response. It involves intratumoral administration of a light-absorbing dye and a specially formulated immunoadjuvant, followed by noninvasive irradiation of a near-infrared laser.(More)
Administration of erythropoietin (EPO) to adult dogs resulted in a dramatic increase in the number of thiazole orange-positive (TO+) platelets, also referred to as reticulated platelets. Pre-treatment level of TO+ platelets was 6.2 +/- 0.5% (mean +/- 1 SE: n = 5); following day 5 of treatment with 500 U EPO/kg/day, the percentage of TO+ platelets peaked at(More)
Schistosomiasis is an important parasitic disease for which there is no available vaccine. We have focused on a functionally important antigen of Schistosoma mansoni, Sm-p80, as a vaccine candidate because of its consistent immunogenicity, protective potential and antifecundity effect observed in murine models; and for its pivotal role in the immune evasion(More)