Roman Daniel Gietz

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We describe the production of new alleles of the LEU2, URA3 and TRP1 genes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae by in vitro mutagenesis. Each new allele, which lacks restriction enzyme recognition sequences found in the pUC19 multicloning site, was used to construct a unique series of yeast-Escherichia coli shuttle vectors derived from the plasmid pUC19. For each(More)
In this chapter we have provided instructions for transforming yeast by a number of variations of the LiAc/SS-DNA/PEG method for a number of different applications. The rapid transformation protocol is used when small numbers of transformants are required. The high efficiency transformation protocol is used to generate large numbers of transformants or to(More)
An improved lithium acetate (LiAc)/single-stranded DNA (SS-DNA)/polyethylene glycol (PEG) protocol which yields > 1 x 10(6) transformants/micrograms plasmid DNA and the original protocol described by Schiestl and Gietz (1989) were used to investigate aspects of the mechanism of LiAc/SS-DNA/PEG transformation. The highest transformation efficiency was(More)
A method, using LiAc to yield competent cells, is described that increased the efficiency of genetic transformation of intact cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to more than 1 × 105 transformants per microgram of vector DNA and to 1.5% transformants per viable cell. The use of single stranded, or heat denaturated double stranded, nucleic acids as carrier(More)
Here we describe a high-efficiency version of the lithium acetate/single-stranded carrier DNA/PEG method of transformation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This method currently gives the highest efficiency and yield of transformants, although a faster protocol is available for small number of transformations. The procedure takes up to 1.5 h, depending on the(More)
Huntington disease (HD) is associated with the expansion of a polyglutamine tract, greater than 35 repeats, in the HD gene product, huntingtin. Here we describe a novel huntingtin interacting protein, HIP1, which co-localizes with huntingtin and shares sequence homology and biochemical characteristics with Sla2p, a protein essential for function of the(More)
The highly efficient yeast lithium acetate transformation protocol of Schiestl and Gietz (1989) was tested for its applicability to some of the most important needs of current yeast molecular biology. The method allows efficient cloning of genes by direct transformation of gene libraries into yeast. When a random gene pool ligation reaction was transformed(More)
BNIP3 (formerly NIP3) is a pro-apoptotic, mitochondrial protein classified in the Bcl-2 family based on limited sequence homology to the Bcl-2 homology 3 (BH3) domain and COOH-terminal transmembrane (TM) domain. BNIP3 expressed in yeast and mammalian cells interacts with survival promoting proteins Bcl-2, Bcl-X(L), and CED-9. Typically, the BH3 domain of(More)
In Drosophila, dopa decarboxylase (DDC) serves a dual role in neurotransmitter production and sclerotization of the cuticle. The Ddc gene is under complex hormonal and tissue-specific control and several sizes of Ddc RNA are observed at embryonic hatching, pupariation and adult eclosion. We present here the complete nucleotide sequence of the Drosophila(More)
Casein kinase II (CKII) is a protein serine/threonine kinase known to control the activity of a variety of regulatory nuclear proteins. This enzyme has a tetrameric structure composed of two catalytic (alpha and/or alpha ') subunits and two beta subunits. We have examined the subunit composition of tetrameric complexes of purified bovine CKII by(More)