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RFP2, a gene frequently lost in various malignancies, encodes a protein with RING finger, B-box, and coiled-coil domains that belongs to the RBCC/TRIM family of proteins. Here we demonstrate that Rfp2 is an unstable protein with auto-polyubiquitination activity in vivo and in vitro, implying that Rfp2 acts as a RING E3 ubiquitin ligase. Consequently, Rfp2(More)
The recent proliferation of novel mass spectrometers such as Fourier transform, QTOF, and OrbiTrap marks a transition into the era of precision mass spectrometry, providing a 2 orders of magnitude boost to the mass resolution, as compared to low-precision ion-trap detectors. We investigate peptide de novo sequencing by precision mass spectrometry and(More)
A major challenge in proteomics is to fully identify and characterize the post-translational modification (PTM) patterns present at any given time in cells, tissues, and organisms. Here we present a fast and reliable method ("ModifiComb") for mapping hundreds types of PTMs at a time, including novel and unexpected PTMs. The high mass accuracy of Fourier(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are dominantly inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized by progressive cerebellar ataxia and dysarthria. We have identified missense mutations in prodynorphin (PDYN) that cause SCA23 in four Dutch families displaying progressive gait and limb ataxia. PDYN is the precursor protein for the opioid neuropeptides,(More)
Identification of proteins by MS/MS is performed by matching experimental mass spectra against calculated spectra of all possible peptides in a protein data base. The search engine assigns each spectrum a score indicating how well the experimental data complies with the expected one; a higher score means increased confidence in the identification. One(More)
BACKGROUND Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterised by autoimmunity to citrullinated proteins, and there is increasing epidemiologic evidence linking Porphyromonas gingivalis to RA. P gingivalis is apparently unique among periodontal pathogens in possessing a citrullinating enzyme, peptidylarginine deiminase (PPAD) with the potential to generate antigens(More)
BACKGROUND In Escherichia coli many heterologous proteins are produced in the periplasm. To direct these proteins to the periplasm, they are equipped with an N-terminal signal sequence so that they can traverse the cytoplasmic membrane via the protein-conducting Sec-translocon. For poorly understood reasons, the production of heterologous secretory proteins(More)
OBJECTIVE In the majority of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), antibodies specifically recognize citrullinated autoantigens that are generated by peptidylarginine deiminases (PADs). Neutrophils express high levels of PAD and accumulate in the synovial fluid (SF) of RA patients during disease flares. This study was undertaken to test the hypothesis(More)
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), named lycocitin 1, 2 and 3, and a peptide with a monoisotopic molecular mass of 3038.70 Da were detected in the venom glands of the wolf spider Lycosa singoriensis. Two of the peptides, lycocitin 1 and 2, are new AMPs whereas lycocitin 3 is highly homologous to lycotoxin II isolated from the venom of spider Lycosa(More)