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The main-chain bond lengths and bond angles of protein structures are analysed as a function of resolution. Neither the means nor standard deviations of these parameters show any correlation with resolution over the resolution range investigated. This is as might be expected as bond lengths and bond angles are likely to be heavily influenced by the(More)
We describe a graphical system for automatically generating multiple 2D diagrams of ligand-protein interactions from 3D coordinates. The diagrams portray the hydrogen-bond interaction patterns and hydrophobic contacts between the ligand(s) and the main-chain or side-chain elements of the protein. The system is able to plot, in the same orientation, related(More)
PDBsum is a web-based database providing a largely pictorial summary of the key information on each macromolecular structure deposited at the Protein Data Bank (PDB). It includes images of the structure, annotated plots of each protein chain's secondary structure, detailed structural analyses generated by the PROMOTIF program, summary PROCHECK results and(More)
ProFunc (http://www.ebi.ac.uk/thornton-srv/databases/ProFunc) is a web server for predicting the likely function of proteins whose 3D structure is known but whose function is not. Users submit the coordinates of their structure to the server in PDB format. ProFunc makes use of both existing and novel methods to analyse the protein's sequence and structure(More)
The latest version of the CATH-Gene3D protein structure classification database (4.0, http://www.cathdb.info) provides annotations for over 235,000 protein domain structures and includes 25 million domain predictions. This article provides an update on the major developments in the 2 years since the last publication in this journal including: significant(More)
To assess whether there are universal rules that govern amino acid-base recognition, we investigate hydrogen bonds, van der Waals contacts and water-mediated bonds in 129 protein-DNA complex structures. DNA-backbone interactions are the most numerous, providing stability rather than specificity. For base interactions, there are significant base-amino acid(More)
One of the primary factors determining how proteins interact with other molecules is the size of clefts in the protein's surface. In enzymes, for example, the active site is often characterized by a particularly large and deep cleft, while interactions between the molecules of a protein dimer tend to involve approximately planar surfaces. Here we present an(More)
PDBsum (http://www.ebi.ac.uk/pdbsum) provides summary information about each experimentally determined structural model in the Protein Data Bank (PDB). Here we describe some of its most recent features, including figures from the structure's key reference, citation data, Pfam domain diagrams, topology diagrams and protein-protein interactions. Furthermore,(More)
In order to understand the evolution of enzyme reactions and to gain an overview of biological catalysis we have combined sequence and structural data to generate phylogenetic trees in an analysis of 276 structurally defined enzyme superfamilies, and used these to study how enzyme functions have evolved. We describe in detail the analysis of two(More)
When a protein's function cannot be experimentally determined, it can often be inferred from sequence similarity. Should this process fail, analysis of the protein structure can provide functional clues or confirm tentative functional assignments inferred from the sequence. Many structure-based approaches exist (e.g. fold similarity, three-dimensional(More)