Roman A Alexander Blaheta

Learn More
Valproic acid (VPA) is a widely used antiepileptic agent that is undergoing clinical evaluation for anticancer therapy. We assessed the effects of VPA on angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. In human umbilical vein endothelial cells, therapeutically relevant concentrations of VPA (0.25 to 1 mM) inhibited proliferation, migration, and tube formation. VPA 1 mM(More)
Valproic acid (VPA, 2-propylpentanoic acid) is an established drug in the long-term therapy of epilepsy. During the past years, it has become evident that VPA is also associated with anti-cancer activity. VPA not only suppresses tumor growth and metastasis, but also induces tumor differentiation in vitro and in vivo. Several modes of action might be(More)
The mechanisms leading to prostate cancer metastasis are not understood completely. Although there is evidence that the CXC chemokine receptor (CXCR) 4 and its ligand CXCL12 may regulate tumor dissemination, their role in prostate cancer is controversial. We examined CXCR4 expression and functionality, and explored CXCL12-triggered adhesion of prostate(More)
The concept of molecular tumor targeting might provide new hope in the treatment of advanced prostate cancer. We evaluated metastasis blocking properties of the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor valproic acid (VPA) and the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor RAD001 on prostate cancer cell lines. RAD001 or VPA were applied to PC-3 or LNCaP(More)
Drug resistance to chemotherapy is often associated with increased malignancy in neuroblastoma (NB). In pursuit of alternative treatments for chemoresistant tumour cells, we tested the response of multidrug-resistant SKNSH and of vincristine (VCR)-, doxorubicin (DOX)-, or cisplatin (CDDP)-resistant UKF-NB-2, UKF-NB-3 or UKF-NB-6 NB tumour cell lines to(More)
Human CMV (HCMV) retinitis frequently leads to blindness in iatrogenically immunosuppressed patients and in the end stage of AIDS. Despite the general proinflammatory potential of HCMV, virus infection is associated with a rather mild cellular inflammatory response in the retina. To investigate this phenomenon, the influence of HCMV (strains AD169 or Hi91)(More)
Though chemokines of the CXC family are thought to play key roles in neoplastic transformation and tumor invasion, information about CXC chemokines in prostate cancer is sparse. To evaluate the involvement of CXC chemokines in prostate cancer, we analyzed the CXC coding mRNA of both chemokine ligands (CXCL) and chemokine receptors (CXCR), using the prostate(More)
We evaluated whether low-dosed interferon alpha (IFNa) may augment the anti-tumor potential of the histone deacetylase (HDAC)-inhibitor valproic acid (VPA) on prostate cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. PC-3, DU-145, or LNCaP prostate cancer cells were treated with VPA (1 mM), IFNa (200 U/ml), or with the VPA-IFNa combination. Tumor cell growth, cell cycle(More)
The integrin VLA-4 is important for the metastatic dissemination of melanoma cells. We could recently show that heparin can block VLA-4 binding, which contributes, next to blocking P- and L-selectin, to the understanding of antimetastatic activities of heparin. The matricellular ligand Cyr61, secreted by numerous tumours, is responsible for increased(More)
Single drug use has not achieved satisfactory results in the treatment of prostate cancer, despite application of increasingly widespread targeted therapeutics. In the present study, the combined impact of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-inhibitor RAD001, the dual EGFr and VGEFr tyrosine kinase inhibitor AEE788 and the histone deacetylase(More)