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BACKGROUND & AIMS Metabolic acidosis is a common finding in critical illness. The aim of the present study was to evaluate acute acidosis as a signal that induces changes in protein metabolism. METHODS In the first study, Wistar rats were infused for 6h with HCl or saline resulting in blood pH7.30+/-0.03 and 7.46+/-0.02, respectively. The whole body(More)
The Ubiquitin-proteasome system has recently been shown to be involved in the regulation of cytokine expression. We tested the hypothesis of whether the in vivo administration of proteasome inhibitor MG-132 can modulate cytokine response and mortality in sepsis. Sepsis was induced in mice by caecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Animals were divided into four(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Growth hormone (GH) could have the potential to improve protein metabolism in sepsis but glutamine deficiency has been reported after GH treatment. The aim was to investigate the effects of glutamine deficiency in sepsis with and without GH treatment on protein and amino acid metabolism. METHODS Cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) was used(More)
Proteasome inhibitors are novel therapeutic agents for the treatment of cancer and other severe disorders. One of the possible side effects is influencing the metabolism of proteins. The aim of our study was to evaluate the influence of three proteasome inhibitors MG132, ZL(3)VS and AdaAhx(3)L(3)VS on protein metabolism and leucine oxidation in incubated(More)
BACKGROUND Traditionally, secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) due to low calcitriol synthesis in failing kidneys has been treated with synthetic vitamin D receptor (VDR) activators. Recently, also the importance of low native vitamin D status beyond the issue of SHPT has been recognized in these patients. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to evaluate vitamin D status with separate determination of 25-OH D2 and 25-OH D3 and its relationship to vitamin D binding protein (VDBP) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and long-term haemodialysis patients (HD). METHODS 45 CKD patients, 103 HD patients, and 25 controls (C) were included. Plasma vitamin D(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS In recent years, one of technical attempts to improve biocompatibility and tolerability of the hemodialysis procedure is the substitution of acetate in dialysis solution with citrate. The aim of our study was to compare two dialysis solutions: traditional bicarbonate dialysis solution containing acetate (3 mmol/L) (solution A); and (solution(More)
Numerous abnormalities of thyroid hormones in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have been described. Our aim was to analyze the impact of these abnormalities on survival. In 167 hemodialyzed ESRD patients, TSH and thyroid hormone levels (T4, fT4, T3, fT3, rT3) were determined. The patients were then prospectively followed up for up to 5 years and the possible(More)