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OBJECTIVES To assess the effects of the scaled display of visual foot center of pressure (COP) feedback on upright postural control under different somatosensory conditions at the foot and the ankle. DESIGN Before and after intervention trials. SETTING University medical bioengineering laboratory. PARTICIPANTS Young healthy adults (N=8; mean age,(More)
Climate change is driving latitudinal and altitudinal shifts in species distribution worldwide, leading to novel species assemblages. Lags between these biotic responses and contemporary climate changes have been reported for plants and animals. Theoretically, the magnitude of these lags should be greatest in lowland areas, where the velocity of climate(More)
Biodiversity changes are lagging behind current climate warming. The underlying determinants of this climatic debt are unknown and yet critical to understand the impacts of climate change on the present biota and improve forecasts of biodiversity changes. Here we assess determinants of climatic debt accumulated in French forest herbaceous plant communities(More)
Pleural responses in rats after the implantation of 17 samples of fibrous glass allowed Stanton et al. (1977) to formulate a statistical interpretation of the relationship between the carcinogenicity of this material and its dimensional characteristics. Using the data from that study, a new statistical approach has been developed, using correspondence(More)
—Paper documents still represent a large amount of information supports used nowadays and may contain critical data. Even though official documents are secured with techniques such as printed patterns or artwork, paper documents suffer from a lack of security. However, the high availability of cheap scanning and printing hardware allows non-experts to(More)
Recent growth changes (1980–2007) in Western European forests strongly vary across tree species, and range from +42% in mountain contexts to −17% in Mediterranean contexts. These changes reveal recent climate warming footprint and are structured by species' temperature (−) and precipitation (+) growing conditions. Unprecedented climate warming impacts(More)
The existence of dispersal syndromes contrasting disperser from resident phenotypes within populations has been intensively documented across taxa. However, how such suites of phenotypic traits emerge and are maintained is largely unknown, although deciphering the processes shaping the evolution of dispersal phenotypes is a key in ecology and evolution. In(More)
Based on a large number of floristic plots (n = 82 581), the French forest status related to soil nitrogen (N) availability was reconstructed from herb species bio-indication spanning from1910 to 2010. The temporal changes highlighted a decrease in available-N until 1990s in coniferous and broadleaved forests (mean ΔC:N=+0.79 and +0.74 C:N units,(More)